Aims: Bees and insects world-wide are experiencing die-offs on an unprecedented scale. Geoengineering utilizing aerosolized coal fly ash (CFA), the toxic waste product of coal-burning, as indicated by forensic evidence, has been overlooked as a causal agent of their catastrophic demise. The principal objective of this chapter is to disclose previously unrecognised factors, arising from CFA, that underlie the catastrophic and global decline of insects.
Methods: We conducted extensive literature research and additionally utilized inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
Results: The primary components of CFA, silicon, aluminum, and iron, consisting in part of magnetite (Fe3O4), all have important potential toxicities to insects. Many of the trace elements in CFA are injurious to insects; several of them (e.g., arsenic, mercury, and cadmium) are used as insecticides. Toxic particulates and heavy metals in CFA contaminate air, water, and soil and thus impact the entire biosphere. Components of CFA, including aluminum extractable in a chemically-mobile form, have been shown to adversely affect insects in terrestrial, aquatic, and aerial environments. Both the primary and trace elements in CFA have been found on, in, and around insects and the plants they feed on in polluted regions around the world. Magnetite from CFA may potentially disrupt insect magnetoreception. Chlorine and certain other constituents of aerosolized CFA potentially destroy atmospheric ozone thus exposing insects to elevated mutagenicity and lethality levels of UV-B and UV-C solar radiation.
Conclusions: Coal fly ash, including its use in covert (undisclosed) climate engineering operations, is a previously unrecognized prime suspect in the world-wide decline of insects. CFA is a global source of pollution known to be toxic to insects that contaminates air, water, and soil. In fact, we suggest that of the many threats to insects, i.e, habitat loss/degradation, pesticides, foreign species and disease, atmospheric geoengineering, especially utilizing CFA, may well be not only the most dire, but the most neglected and unrecognized cause of the catastrophic loss of insects on a world-wide basis. It is necessary to expose and halt atmospheric aerosol geoengineering to prevent further gross contamination of the biosphere. As insect populations decline, bird populations will decline, and ultimately so will animal populations, including humans. The gradual return of insects when the aerial spraying is stopped will be the best evidence that aerosolized CFA is, in fact, a leading cause of the current drastic decline in insect population and diversity. It is necessary to expose and halt atmospheric aerosol geoengineering to prevent further gross contamination of the biosphere. The gradual return of insects when the aerial spraying is stopped will be the best evidence that aerosolized CFA is in fact a leading cause of the current drastic decline in insect population and diversity.
Read full article: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/view/27/91/185-1