News Update on Rural Poverty Research: May – 2019

News Update on Rural Poverty Research: May – 2019

News Update on Rural Poverty Research: May – 2019

Rural poverty and agricultural performance in India

This paper examines statistic proof on rural poorness over the past twenty years. The statistic shows that the incidence of poorness fluctuates in response to variations in real agricultural output per head, however there’s no vital time trend. there’s a statistically vital inverse relationship between rural poorness and agricultural performance for Asian country as an entire, suggesting that agricultural growth by itself tends to cut back the incidence of poorness. The analysis for individual states presents a somewhat completely different image. The inverse relationship between output per head and rural poorness is ascertained in many states however there’s conjointly proof that there square measure processes at work that tend to extend the incidence of poorness, severally of variations in agricultural output per head. [1]

Links between rural poverty and the environment in developing countries: Asset categories and investment poverty

This paper presents a framework for analyzing the links between economic condition and therefore the atmosphere in rural areas of developing countries. It introduces the conception of “investment economic condition” and relates it to different measures of poverty in analysis of those links. The notion of economic condition is examined within the context of classes of assets and classes of atmosphere amendment, with explicit target farm family financial gain generation and investment methods as determinants of the links. The strength and direction of the poverty-environment links square measure shown to dissent (even invert) counting on the composition of the assets control by the agricultural poor and therefore the kinds of environmental issues they face. Policy methods got to target learning variables that have an effect on market development, community wealth, infrastructure, family quality distribution, and therefore the affordability and appropriateness of resource conservation technologies. [2]

Migration and rural poverty in China

We analyze 2 complementary home datasets from China’s poor areas to look at whether or not the poor migrate and whether or not migration helps the poor. we discover AN inverted-U-shaped relationship between home endowments and therefore the probability of migration. Over time, the poor ar a lot of doubtless to migrate. exploitation home panel knowledge ANd taking previous village migration networks as an instrument, we discover that having a migrant will increase a household’s financial gain per capita by eight.5 to 13.1 percent, however that the impact on economic condition is modest as a result of most poor folks don’t migrate. Migrants remit an outsized share of their financial gain and therefore the quantity of those remittances is responsive somewhat to the wants of alternative relations. Journal of Comparative Economics33 (4) (2005) 688–709. [3]

Reductions in deforestation and poverty from decentralized forest management in Nepal

Since the 1980’s, decentralized  forest management has been promoted as how to reinforce property forest use and scale back rural financial condition. Rural communities manage increasing amounts of the world’s forests, nevertheless rigorous proof mistreatment large-N knowledge on whether or not community-based forest management (CFM) will collectively scale back each deforestation and financial condition remains scarce. we tend to estimate the impacts of CFM employing a giant longitudinal knowledgeset that integrates national census-based financial condition measures with high-resolution forest cowl modification data, and near-complete info on Nepal’s >18,000 community forests. we tend to compare changes in forest cowl and financial condition from 2000–2012 for subdistricts with or while not CFM arrangements, however that square measure otherwise similar in terms of socioeconomic and biophysical baseline measures. Our results indicate that CFM has, on average, contributed to vital internet reductions in each financial condition and deforestation across Asian country, which CFM will increase the chance of win–win outcomes. we tend to conjointly notice that the calculable reduced deforestation impacts of community forests square measure lower wherever baseline financial condition levels square measure high, and larger wherever community forests square measure larger and have existed longer. These results indicate that larger edges might result from longer-term investments and bigger areas committed to CFM, however that community forests established in poorer areas might need further support to attenuate tradeoffs between socioeconomic and environmental outcomes. [4]

Nigerian Pension Scheme and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria: An Empirical Assessment (2004-2015)

This study used political economy statistic analysis to look at the result of pension theme contributions into the retirement saving accounts of workers on national, urban and rural impoverishment levels. Secondary information for the amount 2004 to 2015 were collected from the National Pension Commission (PenCom) Annual Reports, National Bureau of Statistics and Worldbank.org.  The study applied the normal Least sq. (OLS) regression technique within which variations in national, urban and rural impoverishment levels were regressed on pension contributions into the retirement saving accounts of workers, gross value, increment and percentage. The diagnosed results discovered that pension contributions don’t have any important result on national, urban and rural impoverishment levels. The findings conjointly counsel that sixty.19%, 63.05% and 65.37% variation in national, urban and rural personal income severally were as a results of joint changes in pension theme contribution I to retirement bank account of workers, gross value and increment. The negative relationship between pension contribution and personal income validates the life-cycle hypothesis, that envisaged that an honest operational pension theme has the potential of reducing impoverishment above all among the senior population, that successively affects the overall personal income of a rustic. On the idea of the findings, national of African country ought to intensify the efforts to make sure wider coverage of the pension theme to the lower tiers of government: States and native Governments Areas. The National Pension Commission ought to strengthen its police investigation on the non-public sector to make sure full compliance with the provisions of the Pension Reform Act of 2014. Finally, there ought to be sustained promotion of wider content of the activities of National Pension Commission with the target of training and enlightening the overall public on the implementation of the causative pension theme. [5]

Reference

[1] Ahluwalia, M.S., 1978. Rural poverty and agricultural performance in India. The Journal of Development Studies, 14(3), pp.298-323. (Web Link)

[2] Reardon, T. and Vosti, S.A., 1995. Links between rural poverty and the environment in developing countries: asset categories and investment poverty. World development, 23(9), pp.1495-1506. (Web Link)

[3] Du, Y., Park, A. and Wang, S., 2005. Migration and rural poverty in China. Journal of comparative economics, 33(4), pp.688-709. (Web Link)

[4] Reductions in deforestation and poverty from decentralized forest management in Nepal

Johan A. Oldekop, Katharine R. E. Sims, Birendra K. Karna, Mark J. Whittingham & Arun Agrawal

Nature Sustainabilityvolume 2, pages421–428 (2019) (Web Link)

[5] Sarah Elechi, J.-A., Gideon Kasie, E., & Amalachukwu Chijindu, A. (2017). Nigerian Pension Scheme and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria: An Empirical Assessment (2004-2015). Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 2(2), 1-25. https://doi.org/10.9734/ARJASS/2017/30533 (Web Link)

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