Soil Enzymes Nutrient cycling in soils involves biochemical, chemical, and physiochemical reactions, with the biochemical processes being mediated by microorganisms, plant roots, and soil animals. Enzymes are denatured by elevated temperature and extreme pH. The two most remarkable properties of enzymes are their specificity and catalytic efficiency, and it is in these properties that enzymes
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Sickle-cell disease Sickle-cell disease is one of the most common severe monogenic disorders in the world. Haemoglobin polymerisation, leading to erythrocyte rigidity and vaso-occlusion, is central to the pathophysiology of this disease, although the importance of chronic anaemia, haemolysis, and vasculopathy has been established. Clinical management is basic and few treatments have a robust evidence
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This book studies the synchronisation of Lur’e complex networks with different problems. In order to synchronise the Lur’e complex networks, various forms of pinning control techniques are used throughout the entire work. Sufficient requirements for different types of synchronisation on the Lur’e dynamical networks are obtained based on the Lyapunov method. And to show the
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The prediction of multicommodity freight flows over a multimodal network has attracted much interest in the recent years. An implementation of the International Freight Simultaneous Transportation Equilibrium Model (IFSTEM) that developed in United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA), to the goods trade through the ports and lands of Sultanate of Oman
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The majority of businesses worldwide are small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and play an important role in the economy. It is recognised that small and medium-sized enterprises are the key players in attracting domestic investment and stimulating economic expansion. They are important for economic growth and creativity, for reducing poverty, for local jobs and development
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Behavioral finance takes its basic concepts from the theory of economics. In the field of financial markets, behavioural finance is a novel approach. It stems from the urgent need to overcome and resolve the unresolved challenges faced by conventional investors in today’s new financial environment. Thus, it is said that, through certain financial models, certain
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