This study’s goal is to ascertain the prevalence and seriousness of ear rot symptoms in the four counties of Western Kenya. A complicated interaction between the fungal diseases Stenocarpella spp., Penicillium spp., and Trichoderma spp. results in the disease known as maize ear rot. Numerous species of Nigrospora, Gibberella, Fusarium, Stenocarpella, and Aspergillus have been identified. According to reports, these illnesses impair the quality of the maize crop while also producing mycotoxins that are harmful to both livestock and humans. Studies were carried out in 12 Divisions in the Western Kenyan counties of Kisumu, Homabay, Siaya, and Migori during the ensuing long and short rain seasons of September to December 2014 and February to July 2015, respectively, using a stratified random sampling method (SRSD). The farmer fields served as sampling grounds, and the divisions as sampling units. The prevalence of maize ear rots was quite high in all 12 of the divisions under consideration. They were only more common from February to July 2015 than they were from September to December 2014.

Author(s) Details:

George T. Opande,
Kaimosi Friends University, Kaimosi, Kenya.

Mathews Dida,
Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.

Phillip Onyango,
Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.

Christine Wesonga,
Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.

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Keywords: Ear rot, maize, pathogens, seasons, incidences, severity, mycotoxin

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