When everyone can physically and financially access enough safe, wholesome food to meet their dietary needs, there is food security. When studying food insecurity, it is important to consider the severity of the impact on overall food security and nutritional status as well as how long people have been dealing with the issue. The goal of the study was to determine the degree of food security for farmers’ households in the Moncongloe Bulu hamlet of Maros South Sulawesi. The research mainly focused on the availability, use, and consumption of food in connection to the recommended national food intake standard by the Indonesian government. A survey technique based on questioner interviews with 30 village families was used to collect both primary and secondary data. Descriptive analysis was applied to the research in order to derive a scientific conclusion. Households in the Moncongloe Bulu community had a very high level of food security (32%), according to the study’s findings. The average daily energy intake (2.485 kcal/person) and total protein intake (84.5 g/person/day) of households in Moncongloe Bulu communities were greater than the government of Indonesia’s suggested national standards. Food security was also found to be directly associated to food intake and purchasing power, which were influenced by household income, employment opportunities, and the educational attainment of both the mother and father in each household. Farmers may boost their revenue, expand their access to food, and ultimately improve their quality of life by having other tasks available during their downtime. In conclusion, the settlement of Moncongloe Bulu has exceptionally high levels of household food security. The amount of food consumed was determined by the level of food security, which was influenced by household income, employment opportunities, and educational attainment.

Author(s) Details:

Ismartoyo,
Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Syahriani Syahrir,
Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Rohmiyatul Islamiyati,
Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Please see the link here: https://stm.bookpi.org/ECAFS-V7/article/view/8318

Keywords: Food security, food consumption, household, rural area

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