In Indian agriculture, information technology (IT) plays a significant role. Information technology (IT) can be described as the use of data to enable or improve products or processes. This chapter looks at a variety of information technology uses in agriculture and speculates on their future prospects. Precision farming is a farm management approach that uses precise amounts of crop inputs such as fertilisers, herbicides, and irrigation water to increase crop output and quality while reducing pollution. Support and information systems can be established to investigate efficient cropping patterns in order to maximise productivity per acre and reduce waste, for example, by not applying more nutrients than the crops require. Applications for climatic and flood forecasting can be created to help farmers deal with disasters. Weather forecast information that is accessible at the proper moment can be extremely useful in assessing disaster risks and developing a risk management strategy. The use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to boost India’s food output and productivity is a possibility (ICT). Several mobile-based projects have been created to give farmers with 24/7 access to information and knowledge. Farmers and cooperative groups have benefited from the use of satellite-based remote sensing data, which is provided by many government and public institutions. In the extension component of agriculture, e-Learning plays a critical role in imparting training on new IT breakthroughs. To address conflicts via the Internet, online dialogues using chat capabilities may be encouraged. Using techniques like video conferencing, critical choices about policy issues can be made in real time. The goal of this paper is to describe major IT advances in the context of Indian agriculture and to suggest a course of action.
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.
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