The seed is a fragile living organism which is considered as a miracle of life. Seed is the basic input in agriculture which alone surges the yield by 15-20 percent. The non-availability of quality seeds in oilseeds and pulses is one of the main reasons for the lower production. So quality seed is the need of time. A village, wherein trained group of farmers are involved in production of seeds of various crops and cater to the needs of themselves, fellow farmers of the village and farmers of neighboring villages in appropriate time and at affordable cost is called as seed village. The process of establishment of seed village, history, implementing agencies, training, advantages and causes of seed village programme failure is discussed in this chapter.
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