Press Release on Carbon Sequestration Research: March – 2019

Carbon Sequestration Potential of Agricultural Crops in Designed Plant Growth Chamber

Aim: global climate change is turning into one in all the main international atmosphere issues. The earth’s climate is foreseen to alter thanks to unharness of greenhouse gases associate degreed there’s an pressing want for stabilising the increasing levels of greenhouse gas in atmosphere. Soil carbon sequestration is taken into account united of the promising choices for mitigating the global climate change impacts. The aim of the present study is to assess the carbon sequestration potential of the crops of the agricultural importance at elevated levels of greenhouse gas in designed plant growth chamber.

Place and length of Study: faculty of atmosphere and property Development, Central University of Gujarat, India, between November 2013 to June 2014.

Methodology: Plant growth chamber has been designed of dimension 66×24×25 inches for assessing the carbon sequestration potential of the chosen agricultural crops common wheat, Sorghum vulgare and green gram in inexperienced house. The plants were grownup victimization the pot culture technique in mycorrhizal soil. The CO2 was iatrogenic into the plant growth chamber once each 5 days at the speed of five Litres per minute to keep up the amount of greenhouse gas upto 500±50 ppm into the plant growth chamber and plant’s growth was studied. Soil’s physico-chemical parameters, plant’s morphological and organic chemistry characteristics were studied in every plant.

Results: The study reveals the carbon content calculable within the variety of organic carbon, total carbon and organic matter was high in green gram at elevated greenhouse gas levels, than close levels, followed by Sorghum vulagare and common wheat. conjointly organic chemical element accumulation was enhanced in response of elevated greenhouse gas conditions, highest being found in samples of green gram.  Morphological and organic chemistry characteristics of crops conjointly got influenced below elevated greenhouse gas levels. Plant height and plant biomass accumulation was found to be higher in common wheat, followed by Sorghum vulgare and green gram, whereas shoot and root length was measured to be highest in Sorghum vulgare, then in green gram and common wheat. organic chemistry analysis unconcealed that total pigment content was highest in Sorghum vulgare as compared to different 2 species at elevated conditions. supermolecule content enhanced in response to elevated greenhouse gas conditions, it had been found to be highest in common wheat.

Conclusion: It is inferred from this study that greenhouse gas has influence on each soil’s and properties of plant’s growing in it. it had been determined that C3 crops common wheat and green gram were additional economical in victimization the elevated greenhouse gas levels and therefore can prove helpful in mitigating the impacts of global climate change with the assistance of sequestration of carbon each in plant and soil. Sorghum vulgare being a C4 conjointly showed potential for carbon sequestration and might be thought-about for the identical once more more analysis. [1]

Retracted: Challenges and prospects within the Multi-Parameter Characterization Techniques for increased observance of carbon dioxide in earth science Carbon Sequestration

Scientific investigations and observations show that CO2 could be a major contributor to the progressively damaging effects of worldwide warming. Thus, geologic sequestration of CO2 in saline aquifers is already in operations across the world. However, geologic carbon sequestration in Associate in Nursing formation ought to be safeguarded from greenhouse gas escape into the atmosphere and/or CO2 migration into potable water aquifers that also are gift within the submerged. to market safety of living and non-living species that are close to and much from the geologic sequestration sites, this work presents techniques for observance the gas hold on in geologic porous media, mistreatment experiments and numerical simulation techniques. The work used two-phase flow parameters like capillary pressure (Pc), bulk electrical conduction (σb), material permittivity (εb) and their various relationship with water saturation (S). Pc-S relationship was found to rise with increasing rate of greenhouse gas injection whereas εb–S and σb-S relationships weren’t laid low with the injection rate of CO2. Thus, it will be inferred that the εb–S and σb-S relationships will be a lot of reliable in application to the observance of greenhouse gas plume in geologic carbon sequestration.  On the opposite hand, εb–S and σb-S relationships are found to be laid low with temperature. whereas εb–S decreases with temperature, σb-S relationship shows opposite behavior, rising with increasing temperature. Also, in numerous porous media, εb–S and σb-S relationships remained higher in stone than silicon oxide sand. Finally, the numerical simulation was wont to corroborate the experimental observations in Pc-S relationship. This work attracts the eye of the stakeholders in global climate change mitigation to the challenges concerned in risk aversion techniques that are presently alive. [2]

Carbon Sequestration in relevance geographics Aspects and Land Use in Northeast of Siam

The Distribution of Species Abundances among natural communities – once properly analysed – will give essential info concerning general aspects of the interior organisation of those communities. particularly, true species richness on the one hand and therefore the intensity of the method of graded structuring of species abundances on the opposite hand is also calculable severally and, thereby, will give actually complementary info. In turn, specific problems might thereby be addressed . as an example, whether or not one distinctive dominant issue or varied combined factors are concerned within the structuring method of a community are often tested contradictorily. though these ways don’t seem to be new conceptually, their implementation in common observe remains scarce. the rationale is that the relevant implementation of those ways needs to take care that nearly all member-species within the community are sampled. As complete samplings typically reveal troublesome to realize in observe, AN acceptable, least-biased procedure of numerical extrapolation of incomplete inventories is peremptorily needed.

Considering the steady increasing threats to the surroundings and multifariousness, particularly facing the on-going environmental condition amendment, time has come back currently with ever bigger urgency to travel on the far side the apparent limits of non-exhaustive sampling and build the foremost of what’s offered in terms of recorded field information, regardless of the degree of wholeness of species inventories.

As a modest and restricted try to concretize this want at the native level, I try, hereafter, to spotlight the importance of extra info which will be undraped  through adequate post-analysis of a group of eight frog communities, recently inventoried by Katwate, Apte & Raut in AN amphibian hot-spot within the north-western Ghats of Republic of India. At last, the seemingly variations of each total species richness and therefore the intensity of graded structuring of species abundance are simulated as a solution to the steady increasing influence of the continuing environmental condition amendment. [3]

Reference

[1] Gadpayle, K., & Fulekar, M. H. (2015). Carbon Sequestration Potential of Agricultural Crops in Designed Plant Growth Chamber. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change5(3), 254-268. https://doi.org/10.9734/BJECC/2015/16777

[2] K. Abidoye, L., Okediran, I., & O. Rabiu, K. (2015). Retracted: Challenges and Possibilities in the Multi-Parameter Characterization Techniques for Enhanced Monitoring of CO2 in Geological Carbon Sequestration. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change5(4), 339-351. https://doi.org/10.9734/BJECC/2015/19724\

[3] Béguinot, J. (2018). Carbon Sequestration in Relation to Topographic Aspects and Land Use in Northeast of Thailand. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change8(2), 118-137. Retrieved from http://www.journalijecc.com/index.php/IJECC/article/view/27150