Latest News on Leadership Role Research: Jan – 2020

Latest News on Leadership Role Research: Jan – 2020

Latest News on Leadership Role Research: Jan – 2020

Project Manager Leadership Role in Improving Project Performance

In spite of advances within the project management profession, research studies have shown that a lot of projects fail, underlining the importance of the project manager’s role as manager. Specifically, the manager’s leadership role is of great importance in motivating people and creating an efficient working environment so as for the project team to satisfy greater challenges in today’s global economy. during this research study, using the literature review, important people-related factors of project performance are identified, then surveys and structured, personal interviews were wont to develop a project manager leadership and management model, which helped to research underlying interactions among these factors and therefore the role of leadership in project performance. [1]

The determinants of leadership role occupancy: Genetic and personality factors

This study investigated the influence of genetic factor and personality on leadership role occupancy among a sample of male twins. Identical twins (n = 238) who share 100% of their genetic background were compared with fraternal twins (n = 188) who are expected to share only 50% of their genetic background. Results indicated that 30% of the variance in leadership role occupancy might be accounted for by genetic factor, while non-shared (or non-common) environmental factor accounted for the remaining variance in leadership role occupancy. Genetic influences also contributed to personality variables known to be related to leadership (i.e., social potency and achievement). [2]

Developmental and genetic determinants of leadership role occupancy among women.

The genetic and developmental influences on leadership role occupancy were investigated employing a sample of 178 fraternal and 214 identical female twins. Two general developmental factors were identified, one involving formal work experiences and therefore the other a family experiences factor hypothesized to influence whether women enter positions of leadership in organizations. Results indicated that 32% of the variance in leadership role occupancy was related to heritability. the two developmental factors also showed significant correlations with leadership role occupancy. However, after genetic factors were partialed out, only the work experience factor was significantly associated with leadership role occupancy. Results are discussed in terms of prior life events and experiences which will trigger leadership development and therefore the limitations of this study. [3]

Motives relate to cooperation in social dilemmas but have an inconsistent association with leadership evaluation

A common assumption is that good leaders are driven by an influence motive that motivates them to influence others. However, leaders got to restrain themselves in social dilemmas where cooperation maximizes collective outcomes. We theorize that in social dilemmas, a desire for positive relationships (affiliation motive) is more beneficial than an influence motive because it draws attention faraway from short-term self-interest towards understanding others. during a game of Settlers of Catan within the laboratory, we discover that a functional variant of the affiliation motive relates to verbal encouragement of cooperation, to fewer occurrences of oil spills, to higher ratings of transformational leadership and, during a field survey, to fewer selfish business decisions. [4]

Understanding Students’ Leadership Role and Challenges in Secondary Schools in Tanzania

Student leadership refers to education principles and practices that give children the opportunities and support to seek out their voices, to participate in decision-making, understand their rights, and responsibilities as active citizens. The study used a descriptive survey to know the role and challenges of students’ leadership in secondary schools in Tanzania. there have been a complete of 94 participants, amongst these, 70 students’ leaders, 6 discipline heads and 18 ordinary teachers were obtained from 6 public and personal schools in Arusha Region using purposive and representative sampling technique. Students and teachers filled out questionnaires and discipline heads were involved within the interviews. The results show that Head boys, Head girls and Secretary General were the highest positions of the students’ government. [5]

Reference

[1] Anantatmula, V.S., 2010. Project manager leadership role in improving project performance. Engineering Management Journal, 22(1), (Web Link)

[2] Arvey, R.D., Rotundo, M., Johnson, W., Zhang, Z. and McGue, M., 2006. The determinants of leadership role occupancy: Genetic and personality factors. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(1), (Web Link)

[3] Arvey, R.D., Zhang, Z., Avolio, B.J. and Krueger, R.F., 2007. Developmental and genetic determinants of leadership role occupancy among women. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(3), (Web Link)

[4] Motives relate to cooperation in social dilemmas but have an inconsistent association with leadership evaluation
Christian Wolff & Nina Keith
Scientific Reports volume 9, (Web Link)

[5] Kambuga, Y. and Omollo, A. (2017) “Understanding Students’ Leadership Role and Challenges in Secondary Schools in Tanzania”, Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 2(3), (Web Link)

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