Investigating the Effect of Campaign Advertising Expenditures on Candidate Quality Signaling in an Election

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In terms of candidate quality characteristics, the electoral market has asymmetric information between candidates and voters, and asymmetric information creates an adverse selection issue in the electoral market. In an electoral market, poor-quality candidates will push good-quality candidates out of the electoral market if voters can not differentiate between good-quality and poor-quality candidates before voting:
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This paper explored whether the influence of the success of Tiger contributed to the increase in golf involvement during his first decade (1996-2005) or whether there was some other, stronger, explanatory factor there. The rise in real household income (inflation-adjusted income) and the return on the S&P 500 over the same duration are alternative reasons
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It is necessary to resolve the spill-over volatility of agricultural commodities for at least two reasons. Second, the volatility of the prices of agricultural commodities seems to have risen over the last few years. Second, there is a clear need to consider, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization, the possible negative) effects of food
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In finance, several models are also based on the premise that a Gaussian distribution is followed by random variables. It is now well known that there are always extreme values in empirical evidence and can not be modelled with the Gaussian distribution. Due to their success in modelling financial data departing from the Gaussian distribution,
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Studies have shown government programmes to tackle poverty in developed countries in the past and in recent times, but such efforts have produced little or no meaningful results. In such countries, therefore, poverty has been on the rise. One of these schemes in Nigeria is the NDE, which was set up to fix the issue
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Companies are concentrating on securing artificial intelligence (AI) technology in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution to increase their productivity through machine learning, which is AI’s core technology, and to allow computers to acquire a high level of quality data through self-learning. Securing big data of good quality is becoming a very significant asset
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Pulmonary function in chronic renal failure: effects of dialysis and transplantation Many possible pulmonary complications of renal disease have been described, but little is known of their physiological importance or the effects on them of different forms of renal replacement therapy. Four groups were recruited, each containing 20 patients. The groups consisted of patients with
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Insecticide resistance in field populations of Asian citrus psyllid in Florida BACKGROUND: Asian citrus psyllid (ACP), Diaphorina citri, is a major pest of citrus because it vectors the putative causal agent of huanglongbing disease. Insecticides are currently the basis of psyllid management programs, and the number of annual insecticide applications has increased significantly. In this
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Comparative Transcriptomic Profiling of a Salt-Tolerant Wild Tomato Species and a Salt-Sensitive Tomato Cultivar Wild halophytic tomato has long been considered as an ideal gene donor for improving salt tolerance in tomato cultivars. Extensive research has been focused on physiological and quantitative trait locus (QTL) characterization of wild tomato species in comparison with cultivated tomato.
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Additive Main Effects and Multiplicative Interaction Analysis of Two International Maize Cultivar Trials The methodology used by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) to develop and improve its maize (Zea mays L.) germplasm involves evaluation of families or experimental varieties in extensive international testing trials. The genotype‐environmental interaction is produced by differential genotypic
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