Role of Medicinal Plants for Treatment of Diarrhoeal Related Diseases in Kasauli, Himachal Pradesh
Morbidity and mortality due to diarrheoa was a major problem in many developing countries, including India and Bangladesh, especially amongst children. Many readily available plants in India are used in traditional folklore medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders such as cholera, diarrhea and dysentery. Medicinal plants are very popular in different traditional systems of medicines due to their diverse pharmacological potentials and lesser side effects in biological systems. Awareness of traditional knowledge and medicinal plants can play a key role in the exploitation and discovery of natural plant resources. Medicinal plants are presently in demand and their acceptance is increasing progressively. Undoubtedly, plants play an important role by providing essential services in ecosystems. Cymbopogon citratus essential oil includes mircene, neral, geranial and other unidentified compounds and is used for fighting colds, dysentery, headaches. The essential oil derived from the Ocimum gratissimum is applied against fever, inflammations of the throat, ears or eyes, stomach pain, diarrhoea and skin diseases. Anti-motility and anti-secretory activities of Piper nigrum might be due to the presence of carbohydrates and alkaloids. This review paper suggest that traditional medicinal plants can be used for the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery.