The purpose of this research is to evaluate the economic impact of climate change on farmer poverty in Kedah, as well as the factors that influence farmers’ adaptation decisions and willingness to pay (WTP) for crop insurance in order to adapt to climate change. Climate change is defined as a significant long-term shift in the projected patterns of average weather for an area (or the entire world) over a lengthy period of time. Farmers’ perspectives on the issue, as well as their answers, are critical for climate change adaptation success. The consequences of climate change, as well as historical and prospective patterns, are the focus of much of Malaysia’s climate change research, with agriculture accounting for a substantial percentage of the study. Agriculture, forestry, coastal resource management, water, public health, and other sectors that are tied to Malaysia’s whole economy are all suffering from climate change. To achieve the goals of this study, only the quantitative research approach was used. The survey questionnaire was used to conduct the quantitative technique. According to the findings of this study, the government may need to develop a strategic policy to convince farmers of the insurance scheme’s credibility and reliability by increasing farmers’ awareness and understanding of crop insurance through advertising and training in order to promote crop insurance in Malaysia. Socio-cultural hurdles often include social and cultural systems, such as cognitive thinking, as well as normative/cultural restrictions in a culture that might stymie adaptation. From both an academic and a practitioner’s perspective, this work is significant. This study, according to scientists, will be able to develop a model that will benefit farmers in their efforts to adapt to climate change. The concept that natural processes and ancestral curses contribute to climate change suggests that scientists and development specialists should incorporate farmers’ traditional beliefs while developing adaption strategies. More research is needed to determine the viability of farm-level climate change adaption techniques. This will aid governments, researchers, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), policymakers, and farmers in developing and implementing sustainable, resilient, and reliable adaptation methods.
Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Ungku Aziz Centre for Development Studies (UACDS), Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, Malaysia.
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