How to Train Graduate Students to be Effective Peer Reviewers

It’s been a long time since researchers looked at how to teach students to be competent peer reviewers, and they discovered that doing so in writing classes is useful. Few studies, however, have been performed to prepare graduate students to be competent peer reviewers. The goal of this research is to close that gap in the literature. This study included 95 students participating in the two graduate classes of Academic Writing for Graduate Students. The lecturer/researcher provided the graduate students a total of nine writing assignments in the quasi-experimental study. Each week, the lecturer/researcher chose the five earliest contributions to deliver e-comments on Microsoft Word after each writing assignment. Then he gave a presentation to the entire class as an e-comment model to teach the graduate students how to be effective e-peer reviewers. Students’ writing assignments, instructors’ and peer e-comments, the questionnaire, and semi-structured interviews were used to collect quantitative and qualitative data for data analysis in order to reply to the four study objectives.

Author(s) Details

Pham Vu Phi Ho
Faculty of Foreign Languages, Van Lang University, Vietnam.

View Book:- https://stm.bookpi.org/HTGSEPR/article/view/2127

Materials for Human Space Flight I: Book of Abstracts

With the public’s and scientific community’s continuous interest in space exploration and travel, from microgravity to interplanetary missions, the demand for materials and techniques to make it happen has skyrocketed. Though technology exists to enable the delivery of equipment and tooling (payload) to low to high earth orbits, when it comes to sending humans to space, there is still a gap in meeting severe adverse environments. Materials for various parts of rockets, their tailoring, and optimization, as well as enabling techniques that can use established metallurgical unit operations to be applied on existing primary (ores) and secondary (scrap) resources to extract materials that can be used as alloying elements in the manufacture of alloys for space exploration and flight, are all available. However, there is no genuine example of using these metallurgical principles to extract and manufacture alloys for human space travel and flights. This symposium aims to fill that need. A series of research will be presented that will employ fundamental intuition, thermodynamics, kinetics, and rate processes to extract essential elements like rare earths and add them as alloying elements to build superior high temperature alloys that will allow human space flight. We continue to operate from the Eastern Engineering Solutions Inc. platform.

Author(s) Details

Muhammad Musaddique Ali Rafique
CEO, Eastern Engineering Solutions Inc. Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

View Book:- https://stm.bookpi.org/MHSFIBA/article/view/1834

Language Recognition System: An Application Based Study with Special Reference to Sociolinguistics and Computational Linguistics

The study proposes a framework that can combine various types of selected words into a single vision-based platform. Not only are these sign languages used to communicate with the deaf and dumb, but they are also used to share thoughts with people who can hear but cannot speak. The majority of researchers work on sign language by processing video frames at normal or equivalent intervals. Color, angle, the location of the hand-disturb, dialectical variations of languages, and other variables all influence this phenomenon. Both of these variables serve as roadblocks in the creation of a perfect sign language system. The interior pixels and boundary of the object are exploited using region-based analysis. These shape descriptors are more sensitive to noise and distortions. Unsupervised and supervised sign language learning are the two types of sign language learning. Studies in the field of sign language can be considered difficult, and study in the fields of supervised and unsupervised learning is ongoing. The study proposes a framework that can combine various types of selected words into a single vision-based platform. In the future, feature extraction methods such as the Wavelet transform method can be used to achieve better performance. Other classifiers that can be used for conducting experiments and improving recognition rates include Component Analysis, Support Vector Machine, and Linear Discrimination Analysis.

Author(s) Details

Aby John
Post Graduate and Research Department of English, Presidency College (Autonomous), Chennai, India.

R. Harihara Krishnan
Department of Computer Science, Presidency College (Autonomous), Chennai, India.

A. Maria Vinitha
Department of Computer Science, Loyola College, Chennai, India.

View Book:- https://stm.bookpi.org/LRSAABSSRSCL/article/view/847

Study on Gender Inequality Vis-À-Vis Culture and the Role of Women in Socio-economic Development

Gender disparity is a common characteristic of social interactions in most communities, and it is linked to poverty, crime, the labour market, health, housing, and education. Gender inequality is inextricably related to information construction and distribution, and it plays a role in structuring existence and reproduction ties. Women’s social subordination is created and reproduced by educational institutions, which are critical socialising mechanisms. During colonial times, farm labour in Zimbabwe was made up of the local population, including women and children. For the purposes of this study, we observe that (black) women were forced into farm labour roles early in the colonial formation. The aim of this study was to look into the social and cultural factors that influence women’s participation in economic development in Zimbabwe, in order to find solutions and a path forward that will help to improve women’s participation in the country’s economic development. The study used a qualitative approach and a descriptive research design, with the study’s population consisting of Small to Medium Scale Entrepreneurs (SME’s). The sample size was 20, and the informants were chosen using a purposive sampling method, with data analysis done using interpretive content analysis. According to the findings, the lack of funding for SMEs has a greater effect on women than on men, and thus has a negative impact on their position in socioeconomic growth.

Author (s) Details

Tarusikirwa, Moffat Chitapa
Department of Teacher Development, Faculty of Arts and Education, Zimbabwe Open University, Zimbabwe.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NHESS-V10/article/view/800

Noise Mapping as a Tool to Assess the Noise Generated in the Past, in the Present and in the Future of a Large Latin American City

Via in situ measurements and sound mapping, this project aimed to investigate the environmental sound effect of road traffic noise on several roads in the northwest part of Curitiba. The following steps were taken to accomplish this: 1) defining the locations to be assessed, 2) gathering field data, 3) tabulating the data, 4) acoustic mapping, 5) evaluating past, current, and future scenarios, and 6) definitive assessment The aim of this research is to evaluate ambient noise on major thoroughfares that transport vehicles from one end of the city to the other. With a huge flow of vehicles and people, the roads pass through five large commercial and residential districts. 22 samples were taken in various locations to characterise the noise pollution in the evaluated stretches. Sound measurements were taken in accordance with the NBR 10151/2000 standard’s guidelines. The acoustic maps were created using the Predictor 8.11 sound analysis programme. A reference scenario was evaluated to reflect the current “acoustic panorama.” To assess noise in the chosen areas, three hypothetical and distinct scenarios were developed. In scenario 1, it was hypothesised that the number of vehicles will be decreased by half relative to the current situation. In scenario 2, it was hypothesised that the number of vehicles will be decreased by 75% relative to the current situation. Scenario 3 simulates noise in vulnerable areas over a 20-year period, assuming a 100% rise in the number of vehicles. The findings suggest that the acoustic characteristics of these stretches indicate the presence of ambient noise pollution. The situation with a 50% decrease in the number of vehicles shows that the steps taken were insufficient to reduce sound levels significantly. The scenario with a 75% reduction in vehicle flow demonstrates that the implemented measure will be significant in reducing sound levels within the legal limits. Furthermore, in the hypothetical case, it is possible to demonstrate that the flow will be highly saturated in 20 years, resulting in a substantial rise in sound levels and, as a result, an increase in ambient noise emissions. As a result, it is clear that taking only one control action is insufficient to solve the issue. To effectively combat noise, a medium and long-term strategy with many measures that work together is needed.

Author (s) Details

Paulo Henrique Trombetta Zannin
Laboratory of Environmental and Industrial Acoustics and Acoustic Comfort, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Patrícia Dias Soares Gottwald
Laboratory of Environmental and Industrial Acoustics and Acoustic Comfort, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Andrei Rei Rodrigues Silveira
Laboratory of Environmental and Industrial Acoustics and Acoustic Comfort, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NHESS-V10/article/view/798

Proactive Control Models for Input Reagents Consumption Management at Gold Processing Plant. Case Study: Ghanaian Mine, Tarkwa

This case study shows how, in today’s market climate, taking a constructive approach to addressing reagent input supply problems at the Process Plant of the Ghanaian Mine, Tarkwa, is the secret to maintaining higher efficiency and competitive advantage. In practise, the cases examined revealed the presence of reagent control models used at the Tarkwa Mine in Ghana, as well as the lack of advance warnings about reagent inventory control maps, quality control models, and lime consumption control methods. Furthermore, inventory management was limited in the minimum and maximum model applications to accommodate rapid changes in consumption rates. Clearly, the paper addresses a lack of constructive interventions in the field of model-specific limits for corrective behaviour. The future warning signal of slope analysis is largely determined by the focus of the given reference variables. As a consequence, convergence of opposing target variables denotes a deteriorating future, while divergence denotes a more promising future. Conversely, convergence of similar focus variables implies a better future, while divergence indicates a deteriorating future. The paper recommended using slope analysis as one of several complementary methods for enhancing positive assessment of all reagent control models and gaining a competitive advantage in the company’s endeavour. More research into the cost and consumption variances analysis model as a method for enhancing constructive reagent control at the Ghanaian Mine, Tarkwa, Mineral Processing Plant operations is recommended in this paper.

Author (s) Details

James Obiri-Yeboah
Metallurgical Manager, Akroma Gold Company Limited, Nkawkaw, Ghana.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NHESS-V10/article/view/796

Student and School Performance Indicators as Determinants of Student Midwives’ Performance in Anatomy and Physiology: A Path Analytic Study

The aim of this chapter is to develop and test a seven-variable model for explaining student midwives’ achievement in Anatomy and Physiology in terms of student performance indicators such as entry qualifications, academic self-concept, and academic support seeking, as well as school performance indicators such as teacher quality, school type, and teacher-student ratio. Women with pregnancy complications whose treatment is handled directly by an obstetrician receive a high proportion of intrapartum care from midwives.

The research was conducted using a survey method.

Between January 2009 and January 2010, I studied at schools of midwifery in Nigeria’s Lagos region.

The following is the methodology: In Nigeria, there were 559 student midwives and 73 midwife educators in the population. Teacher Quality Questionnaire (r = 0.8), Student Midwives’ Academic Self-Concept Questionnaire (r = 0.84), Teachers Perception of Student Midwives’ Academic Support-Seeking Questionnaire (r = 0.74), and Achievement Test in Anatomy and Physiology (r = 0.79) were the four sets of instruments used. Multiple regression and path-analysis were used to analyse the data.

Only three (3) variables, namely School Type, Teacher Quality, and Academic Self Concept, had direct causal impact and were important in deciding student midwives’ achievement in Anatomy and Physiology, according to the findings (x7).

Conclusion: Based on the results, recommendations were made.

Author (s) Details

E. Adenike Emeke
Institute of Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Ganiyat O. Adeniran
Institute of Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NHESS-V10/article/view/794

Study on Evidence Based Social Sciences: A New Emerging Field

Evidence-based social sciences is one of the most cutting-edge areas of this discipline. It makes decisions using the best available facts from different sources in a careful, explicit, and judicious manner. It may also be conducive to evidence-based social work, or at least a form of evidence-based practise. The research findings in this recent emerging field assist social workers at various levels of the social sciences, such as policy making, administration, academics, education, and social settings, among others. Critical assessment is needed when using research in a real-world setting, not only to trust the paper’s internal validity or rigour methodology, but also to assess the degree to which research findings can be applied in a real-world setting. The latter is, without a doubt, a subjective judgement. It is important to pay more attention to this field because social science results are highly context dependent. The aim of this paper is to implement evidence-based social sciences and their significance, as well as to propose standards for critical evaluation of research results for use in society. Finally, certain problems in proof implementations can be identified and avoided as far as possible.

Author (s) Details

Nazila Zarghi
Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS), Mashhad, Iran and Education Development Center (EDC), Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS), Mashhad, Iran and Exceptional Talent Development Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Soheil Dastmalchian Khorasani
Department of sociology and Social Research (DSRD), University of Milano, Bicocca, Italy.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NHESS-V10/article/view/793

Study on Social Benefits of Secondary School Farms in Rivers State, Nigeria

The aim of this study was to assess the social benefits of school farms in Rivers State, Nigeria’s secondary schools. In Nigerian secondary schools, agriculture has been recognised as a core curriculum subject. With a total of 560 questionnaires distributed to teachers and students, the study used two research questions and a basic random sampling technique for data collection. A holistic agricultural science curriculum implementation in secondary schools is required to provide both classroom teaching and realistic interactions that students in agriculture are exposed to. According to the results, 75 percent of Rivers State secondary schools had sufficient farm space, and 85.71 percent of students practised farming with basic farm equipment. All social benefits derived from school farms include allowing students to develop their farming skills (with a mean score of 2.93), assisting students in forming a valuable background as future agriculturalists (2.80), and assisting students in appreciating the fact that profitable farming was possible within the constraints of available technology (2.73). About 96 percent of the schools visited lacked tractors and harvesters, and about 85 percent lacked well laid out farm plots. Just 23.21 percent of the schools surveyed had barns and livestock pens, 21.43 percent had fishing facilities, and 22.79 percent had well-established and maintained fish ponds. According to this report, school administrators in Rivers State, Nigeria, use all available tools to raise funds for secondary school farm facilities and material inputs.

Author (s) Details

Emeya, Salome
Department of Agricultural Science, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Ndele Campus, P.M.B. 5047, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Ojimba, Thankgod Peter
Department of Agricultural Science, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Ndele Campus, P.M.B. 5047, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NHESS-V10/article/view/792

Chinese Thoughts on the North and South Korean Unification

The major factors influencing the Chinese people’s thoughts on the issue of unification between the two Koreas are well-established historical ties between China and the Korean peninsula, strong geopolitical relations, and the Korean peninsula with Sino-US engagement pressures, and the division of the Korean peninsula is making Chinese diplomacy difficult. Some Chinese citizens are opposed to the unification of Korea, which is primarily motivated by national interests. All, however, has a dual character, in that a split Korean peninsula complicates Chinese diplomacy and has a range of negative consequences for Chinese national interests. In terms of national interest, China hopes that the integration of North and South Korea would not have a negative effect on its own country. The Chinese government is hoping for the creation of a neutral or friendly united Korea in China, as well as the withdrawal of US military forces from the Korean peninsula. If that does not happen, China needs to keep things as they are. South Korea, on the other hand, does not want US troops to leave the Korean peninsula, as this could lead to military unrest, and prefers a gradual and phased process of peaceful unification. Despite their differences, the Chinese and Koreans wish for peace and harmony between the two Koreas, as well as dialogue and reconciliation, as well as multifaceted exchanges and cooperation. Finally, they agree that reducing tensions on the Korean peninsula and preserving good ties between the two Koreas would aid in the peaceful unification of the peninsula.

Author (s) Details

Debin Zhan
Shanghai University of International Business and Economics, China.

Hun Kyung Lee
Dong-A University, Korea.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NHESS-V10/article/view/791