Latest News on Gastrointestinal Tract Research: Nov – 2019

Endoscopic Mucosal Resection for Early Cancers of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract

The purpose of this literature review is to look at recent advances in technique and technology of examination tissue layer surgical operation of superficial early cancers of the higher alimentary canal. examination tissue layer surgical operation (EMR) of superficial early cancers of the higher alimentary canal is normal technique in Japan and is progressively employed in Western countries. Newer techniques of EMR permit removal of larger lesions en-bloc. These minimally invasive techniques, once applied properly, permit safe and efficacious treatment in things that will otherwise need surgery. [1]

Developmental microbial ecology of the neonatal gastrointestinal tract

The alimentary canal of a traditional vertebrate is sterile. throughout the birth method and speedily thenceforth, microbes from the mother and encompassing setting colonize the alimentary canal of the child till a dense, complicated microbiota develops. The succession of microbes colonizing the enteral tract is most marked in early development, throughout that the feeding mode shifts from breast-feeding to formula feeding to ablactation to the introduction of solid food. Dynamic balances exist between the gi microbiota, host physiology, and diet that directly influence the initial acquisition, organic process succession, and ultimate stability of the gut system. [2]

Tuberculosis of the gastrointestinal tract and peritoneum

Gastrointestinal and serosa infectious disease stay common issues in impoverished areas of the globe, however is comparatively rare within the u.  s.. A advance of infectious disease in America since the mid-1980s means clinicians can still see cases. Immigrants and AIDS patients area unit 2 population teams at explicit risk for abdominal infectious disease during this country; the urban poor, the old, and Indians on reservations area unit others. The symptoms and signs of GI and serosa infectious disease area unit nonspecific, and unless a high index of suspicion is maintained, the designation are often incomprehensible  or delayed leading to inflated morbidity and mortality. solely 15-20% of patients have concomitant active phthisis. ill  rubor must be thought of altogether cases of unexplained exudative pathology. laparotomy with directed diagnostic test presently is that the best thanks to create a fast specific designation. [3]

Distribution of aquaporins and sodium transporters in the gastrointestinal tract of a desert hare, Lepus yarkandensis

Lepus yarkandensis may be a desert hare of the Tarim Basin in western China, and it’s robust ability to arid environments. Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of water channel proteins that facilitate transmembrane water transport. alimentary tract AQPs are concerned in fluid absorption within the bowel and colon. This study aimed to work out the distribution of AQPs and atomic number 11 transporters within the alimentary tract of L. yarkandensis and to check the expression of those proteins therewith in European rabbit. [4]

Effects of Aqueous Stem Bark Extract of Citrus aurantifolia on the Gastrointestinal Tract of Wistar Rats

Objective: The anti-diarrhoea activity of the liquid extract of the stem bark of C. aurantifolia was investigated during this study.

Materials and Methods: Acute toxicity analysis of the liquid extract of C. aurantifolia stem bark was meted out mistreatment rats in keeping with Lorke’s technique. Experimental symptom was elicited in rats with physic, and also the result of the extract on castor oil-induced canal motility and enteropooling was consequently investigated. [5]

Reference

[1] Soetikno, R., Kaltenbach, T., Yeh, R. and Gotoda, T., 2005. Endoscopic mucosal resection for early cancers of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 23(20), (Web Link)

[2] Mackie, R.I., Sghir, A. and Gaskins, H.R., 1999. Developmental microbial ecology of the neonatal gastrointestinal tract. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 69(5), (Web Link)

[3] Marshall, J.B., 1993. Tuberculosis of the gastrointestinal tract and peritoneum. The American journal of gastroenterology, 88(7), (Web Link)

[4] Distribution of aquaporins and sodium transporters in the gastrointestinal tract of a desert hare, Lepus yarkandensis
Jianping Zhang, Shuwei Li, Fang Deng, Buheliqihan Baikeli, Weijiang Yu & Guoquan Liu
Scientific Reports volume 9, Article number: 16639 (2019) (Web Link)

[5] Adejoh, I., Nnedimkpa, A., Chizoba, A., Benjamin, A. and Chukwuemeka, N.-A. (2018) “Effects of Aqueous Stem Bark Extract of Citrus aurantifolia on the Gastrointestinal Tract of Wistar Rats”, Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 5(3), (Web Link)