Study on Codon Modulo Cryptosystem for Privacy Preservation of Vertically Partitioned Outsourced Data

Data is transferred across the cloud in a variety of ways. It is critical to protect data from unapproved users gaining access to it in any organisation. The information refuge is ensured by encoding plain text into an incomprehensible configuration using cryptographic computations, and these techniques are advocated for scrambling the text to ensure data security from aggressors. Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid (DNA) is a type of encryption used to protect data in distributed computing systems. To ensure security for transactional data, a Codon Modulo Cryptography-based Algorithm for vertically partitioned cloud data is used in this research. To aggregate the Association Rules among the Frequent Items in a scrambled exchange of vertically partitioned information base, Affiliation Rule Mining and Frequent Itemset techniques are used. The suggested Codon Modulo technique is compared to the traditional Homomorphic Encryption in the demonstration of Rule Mining computations such as Apriori, FP-Growth, and Eclat. The results show that the suggested algorithm outperforms Homomorphic Encryption in terms of performance while maintaining a good level of security.

Author (S) Details

M. Yogasini
Department of Computer Science and Engineering,Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli-6270122, India.

Dr. B. N. Prathibha
Department of Computer Science, G. Venkataswamy Naidu College, Kovilpatti, Thoothukudi-628502, India.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CASTR-V12/article/view/2620

Determining the Evaluation of Daylight Parameters on the Basis Simulation Model for the Tropical Climate

In terms of illumination levels and health advantages, using natural sunshine in the building saves energy. In the hot and dry climatic zone, however, an increase in daylight availability could lead to heat infiltration. This could lead to an excessive amount of energy conservation. The goal of this study is to provide a methodology that can be utilised as a pre-design tool for evaluating lighting and thermal performance of areas within buildings that designers may use during the design process. The field measurements were taken on the liveable spaces of a Nagpur-area housing unit. Both illumination and thermal energy simulations were carried out using Ecotect Analysis 2011. The results of the field measurements were compared to those of the simulation. Because the percentage difference (PD) between Ecotect measurements (EM) and field measurements (FM) for both thermal loads and illuminance levels was less than 15%, the simulated model was deemed accurate enough for future investigation. The findings suggest that the simulated model would be sufficient for designers to analyse parameters such as wall to window ratio and shading devices in relation to the building’s orientation in order to attain the best possible useable daylight index.

Author (S) Details

Trupti J. Dabe

Priyadarshani Institute of Architecture and Design Studies, Nagpur, 440010, India.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CASTR-V12/article/view/2603

Study on SIR Epidemic Model with Constant Vaccination: A Differential Transformation Approach

Vaccination initiatives have resulted in significant levels of permanent protection against the childhood disease in the general population over the years. Infectious disorders affecting children are the most common. In this paper, a SIR model is created to track the temporal dynamics of a childhood disease in the presence of a preventative vaccine. For disease control and eradication, the qualitative analysis provides the vaccine reproductive number R V. The goal of this study is to use the differential transformation method (DTM) to compute an approximation to the solution of the problem’s nonlinear system of differential equations. To demonstrate the answers, graphical results are provided and quantitatively discussed.

Author (S) Details

S. F. M. Ibrahim
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of science For Girls, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Heliopolis, Roxy, Cairo, Egypt.

Soad Moftah Ismail
Department of Basic science, Faculty of Engineering, Misr University For Science &Technology, Al-Motamayez District, 6Th of October City, Egypt.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CASTR-V12/article/view/2602

Study on Adhesion of Bacterio-contaminants to Fragments of Rocks Immersed in Water: Impact of Some Chemical Properties of the Medium and Intrinsic to the Cells

A study was conducted in an aquatic microcosm with the goal of determining the impact of environmental chemical factors and cell-specific characteristics on the retention of bacterial pollutants in the aquatic environment on solid substrates. Sandstone, basalt, granite, and micaschist were employed as rocky substrates. There are four main petrographic and mineralogical features in these rocks. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Vibrio cholerae, and Enterococcus faecalis were among the bacteria obtained using normal procedures and utilised for adhesion testing. These bacteria are rod-shaped, comma-shaped, and spherical-shaped, with or without a flagellum. Furthermore, this ciliature, if present, might be single or in tufts, polar or non-polar, and can cover the entire cell. The pH of the medium, as well as the concentrations of BOM and salts, were all different. The bacteria were incubated for 180 to 1440 minutes to allow them to attach to the substrates. The adhering cells were then separated in a sterile environment by placing the pebbles in three test tubes, each containing 10 ml of sterile physiological water (0.85 percent NaCl). Bacteria found in surface or groundwater appear to be able to cling to the surfaces of inorganic rocks in various quantities. The natural cleaning of wastewater is aided by the adherence and retention of microorganisms. The adhesion of P. aeruginosa, V. cholerae, and E. faecalis changes with time. Overall, adhesion rates range from 11 to 12.44×103 cells/cm2/h, with E. faecalis adhering more quickly simply due to gravity. Environmental circumstances, as well as the chemical characteristics of rocks and soil, play a role in these rate fluctuations. Flagellum serves a dual purpose in attracting and relaunching microorganisms from their substrates.

Author (S) Details

Olive Vivien Noah Ewoti
Laboratory of Hydobiology and Environment, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde 1, PO Box 812, Cameroon.

Daniel Ebang Menye
University of Maroua, Higher Teacher’s Training School College, P.O Box 55 Maroua, Cameroon.

Raoul Polycarpe Tuekam Kayo
Laboratory of microbiology, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Bamenda, Cameroon.

Luciane Marlyse Moungang
Laboratory of Hydobiology and Environment, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde 1, PO Box 812, Cameroon.

Antoine Tamsa Arfao
Laboratory of Hydobiology and Environment, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde 1, PO Box 812, Cameroon.

Samuel Davy Baleng
Laboratory of Hydobiology and Environment, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde 1, PO Box 812, Cameroon.

Yves Yogne Poutoum
Laboratory of Hydobiology and Environment, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde 1, PO Box 812, Cameroon.

Moïse Nola
Laboratory of Hydobiology and Environment, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde 1, PO Box 812, Cameroon.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CASTR-V12/article/view/2601

Thermal and Flow Analysis of the Helical Coil Heat Exchanger Used in an Aqueous Solution of Ammonium Nitrate Solubility (ANSOL) with 20% H2O and 80% AN

The goal of the case study is to determine the steam flow rate and saturation temperature that will allow a solution of water and ammonia nitrate (ANSOL) to be heated in a shell and helical coil tube heat exchanger during a time period without the ANSOL solution crystallising. The solution’s desired production per batch is 5750 kg in 80 minutes. The heat transfer rate and temperature profiles that satisfy the imposed criterion within a given degree of safety and at the lowest possible cost in steam generation are determined using the concepts of efficiency and effectiveness. The Reynolds number, Nusselt number, and global heat transfer coefficient for the shell and helical coil tube heat exchanger are intermediate quantities required to achieve the goal. The water is heated for a predetermined amount of time before the ammonium nitrate is introduced to a given flow at a predetermined mass flow rate.

Author (S) Details

Élcio Nogueira
Department of Mechanics and Energy – DEM, State University of Rio de Janeiro – UERJ, Resende, Brazil.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CASTR-V12/article/view/2600

Study on the Design and Implementation of Flexible Wearable Antenna on Thyroid Gland in the Detection of Cancer Cells

The article discusses an unique Z shape wearable patch antenna that was constructed over textile and other types of substrates to test its performance over microwave frequencies in the ISM (industrial, scientific, and medical) band. The wearable antenna has wearable and textile qualities that bend in two dimensions, demonstrating the flexibility of wearable electrical equipment. Because the antenna’s performance is based on the ISM band, it’s ideal for biomedical applications. Because of its low SAR, the proposed antenna silk substrate was chosen for implementation and is placed on the thyroid gland to identify cancer cells. When the antenna was placed on the thyroid gland of human tissue, the antenna’s performance was altered. Tissue qualities were studied and analysed within and without cancer-affected areas. The gain and electrical conductivity performance of cancer cells were shown to have changed as a result of their higher water content tissues. When the Z-patch silk substrate wearable antenna is placed on the thyroid gland, it is also found that the working frequency of the antenna changes. As a result, the existence or absence of thyroid cancer can be identified by applying this proposed antenna to the human body and analysing the findings. The findings of the simulation have been summarised and measured. The network analyzer was used to show the results of the built suggested antenna S11.

Author (S) Details

I. Rexiline Sheeba
Sathyabama Institute of Science &Technology, Chennai, India.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CASTR-V12/article/view/2599

Study on Isolation and Characterization of Lipid-Degrading Bacteria in Wastewater of Food Processing Plants and Restaurants in Can Tho City, Vietnam

In biological wastewater treatment systems, high lipid (fats and oils) concentrations induce clogged drain pipes and limit the action of bacteria. The potential of lipid-degrading bacteria to degrade lipids was examined for use in the treatment of lipid-contaminated wastewater. On LB medium, 43 vegetable oil-contaminated wastewater samples from several food processing companies and restaurants in five districts of CanTho city, Vietnam yielded 102 bacterial isolates. On Tw20 medium, 61 of the isolates produced clear zones. 11 of the 61 bacterial isolates generated substantial halos, indicating that they had the capability to degrade vegetable oil in contaminated wastewater. PCR and DNA sequencing were used to identify these 11 baterial isolates. BLAT N software was used to compare the DNA sequencing findings to the NCBI’s GenBank database. The DNA sequences of a few isolates were found to be very similar to the GenBank references (between 97 percent and 99 percent ). Bacilli were found in two isolates (18.18 percent) while Gammaproteobacteria were found in nine isolates (81.82 percent ). Gammaproteobacteria had the greatest Theta values based on Pi (nucleotide diversity). For each group, theta value (per sequence) from S of SNP for DNA polymorphism was computed, and the 11 lipid-degrading strains possessed a lot of genetic variety. Because of its strong ability to degrade lipids and biosafety, the results suggested Acinetobacteria soli strain AL3 as a promising bioproduct for wastewater treatment.

Author (S) Details

Ngo Thanh Phong
College of Natural Sciences, Can Tho University, Vietnam.

Bui The Vinh
CanTho Dairy Factory, Vietnam.

Cao Ngoc Diep
Biotechnology R&D Institute, Can Tho University, Vietnam.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CASTR-V12/article/view/2598

Periodic Solution of Two-Body Problem of Classical Electrodynamics with Radiation Terms

The current work is an updated version of a previous one in which we showed the existence-uniqueness of periodic motion in the classical electrodynamics two-body issue. With respect to the unknown velocities, the resultant system of equations of motion is of the neutral type, with both retarded and advanced arguments depending on the unknown trajectories. We employ an operator that was first introduced in a previous publication. It has a fixed point that is a periodic solution to the problem at hand. A periodic solution’s existence-uniqueness denotes the presence of closed orbits. Bohr-Sommerfeld stationary states, on the other hand, are a result of classical electrodynamics. Radiation terms are chosen so as not to damage the hydrogen atom’s stability.

Author (S) Details

Dr. Vasil G. Angelov
Department of Mathematics, University of Mining and Geology “St. I. Rilski”, 1700 Sofia, Bulgaria.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CASTR-V12/article/view/2597

Studies on Brown Midrib 6 and 12 Genes Introgression in Two Nigerien and One Malian Sorghum Varieties: A Practical Guide to Young Scientists with Limited Molecular Facility

The introduction of bmr genes from a less well-adapted donor parent into well-adapted high-yielding biomass types with low nutritional value is critical for long-term livestock feeding in the Sahel. The major goal of this study was to introduce the bmr6 and bmr12 genes into Nigerien and Malian sorghum cultivars for grain and biomass production. As recurrent parents, the plant material included two enhanced sorghum types (Sepon82 and Kalla Kéné) and El mota, a farmer favourite variety. Redlan bmr6, Tx630 bmr12, and Wheatland bmr12 were the bmr donor parents. From January 2016 to June 2017, the hand emasculation technique was utilised to introduce bmr genes into recurrent parents to produce F3 and BC1F3 populations at the Sotuba research station in Mali. This strategy is still highly beneficial in the establishment of sorghum segregating populations via genetic introgression. During the population development, anthocyanin pigment and heterosis effects were important phenotypic features for identifying F1 and BC1F1 plants. In a cross between anthocyanin (purple plant) and tan plants, anthocyanin allowed the identification of F1 plants, whereas for both tan plants cross, The heterosis effect was crucial in distinguishing F1 from parental lines and determining successful crosses, as was bmr segregation in F2. The bmr segregation ration was analysed using the 2 test. The segregation ratios of bmr plants in F2 and BC1F2 demonstrated that a single recessive gene fit them well (3:1). In Niger during the 2017 cropping season, the bmr 6 and 12 genes were successfully transferred to three recurring parental varieties that are at the F4 and BC1F3 generation for grain and biomass yields potential tests.

Author (S) Details

Ousmane Seyni Diakité
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN), BP 429 Niamey, Niger.

Mamadou Aissata
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN), BP 429 Niamey, Niger.

Sissoko Aliou
Institut d’Economie Rurale (IER) BP 258 Rue Mohamed V. Bamako, Mali.

Sanogo Sekouba
Institut d’Economie Rurale (IER) BP 258 Rue Mohamed V. Bamako, Mali.

Mamoutou Kouressy
Institut d’Economie Rurale (IER) BP 258 Rue Mohamed V. Bamako, Mali.

Vaksmann Michel
CIRAD, UMR AGAP, BP 1813, Bamako, Mali and AGAP, Univ. Montpellier, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, Montpellier, France.

Daniel K. Dzidzienyo
University of Ghana, West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement (WACCI). PMB LG 30, Legon Accra, Ghana.

Danquah Eric
University of Ghana, West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement (WACCI). PMB LG 30, Legon Accra, Ghana.

Tongoona Pangirayi
University of Ghana, West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement (WACCI). PMB LG 30, Legon Accra, Ghana.

Karim Traoré
Africa Rice Center, St. Louis, BP 96, Sénégal.

Niaba Teme
Institut d’Economie Rurale (IER) BP 258 Rue Mohamed V. Bamako, Mali.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CASTR-V12/article/view/2596

On the Tensile Strength of ABS Produced by Fused Deposition Modelling Process

In the production of composites, 3D printing is a valuable approach. Parts with high accuracy, cheap cost, and adjustable geometry can be made. Fused deposition modelling (FDM) is proven to be the most versatile method for producing thermoplastic composites among the many methods. This method is ideal for creating pieces with delicate detailing and complex shapes. The FDM process is gaining popularity because to its ease of use and low tooling requirements for manufacturing items. The effect of altering raster angle and layer thickness on the tensile characteristics of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene is discussed in this paper (ABS). It is discovered that as layer thickness increases, tensile strength decreases. The maximum tensile strength is recorded in specimens with a raster angle of 60o.

Author (S) Details

Kaushik V. Prasad
Department of Mechanical Engineering, FET – JAIN (Deemed – to be – University), Kanakapura – 562112, Karnataka, India.

J. Deepak
Department of Mechanical Engineering, FET – JAIN (Deemed – to be – University), Kanakapura – 562112, Karnataka, India.

H. Adarsha
Department of Mechanical Engineering, FET – JAIN (Deemed – to be – University), Kanakapura – 562112, Karnataka, India.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CASTR-V12/article/view/2595