First Identification in Forensic Odontology Endorsed by the American Justice: A Brief Story

Georges Parkman was born in the year 1790. In 1813, he enrolled at Harvard Medical College to study medicine. Webster assassinated Parkman in 1849. Although the latter’s body was never found, his dental prosthesis was later discovered and identified. Webster was arrested and charged with murder. Parkman’s personal dentist examined the dental prostheses and positively identified the prostheses, resulting in Webster’s death sentence. This was the first forensic dental identification case in the United States to be approved by a court.

Author (S) Details

Dr. Xavier Riaud
Epistemology, History of Sciences and Techniques, Winner and Associate member of the National Academy of Dental Surgery, Free member of National Academy of Surgery, France.

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The Shaping Power of Monstrosity and Grotsquery in the Post-Apocalyptic Setting of Jeff VanderMeer’s Borne and Dead Astronauts

The study aims to examine Jeff VanderMeer’s ‘Borne’ and ‘Dead Astronauts’ to describe how the shaping power of monstrosity, weirdness, complexity, and grotesquery in a post-apocalyptic setting can be best appreciated when certain religious tropes are applied to the analysis of the novel’s unfolding events. Biblical tropes can help connect the present situation to a past that otherwise exists as a dead and desolate wasteland devoid of any meaning in the post-apocalyptic settings of the novels mentioned above. The study bases its theoretical framework on Foucault’s and Negri’s concepts of monstrosity, as well as Bakhtin’s concept of grotesque.

Author (s) Details

Indrajit Patra
Independent Researcher, NIT, Durgapur, India.

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A Socio-Legal Study of the Right of Aged People to Live in Dignity

Modernization and globalization have aided India’s technological advancement, but certain constitutional ideals no longer meet the essence of time and the needs of the elderly to live in dignity. The purpose of this article is to highlight the social and legal issues that elderly people face in terms of living with dignity and deprivation of basic rights. as well as the provisions of India’s Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 (MWP Act) and its failure to protect the rights of the elderly. Issues and challenges associated with the implementation of the MWP Act are discussed, and remedies in the form of recommendations are drafted and attempted. Aged people are among the most vulnerable groups in society, and they are particularly vulnerable to atrocities and exploitation. as well as the provisions of India’s Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 (MWP Act) and its failure to protect the rights of the elderly. Issues and challenges associated with the implementation of the MWP Act are discussed, and remedies in the form of recommendations are drafted and attempted. Aged people are among the most vulnerable groups in society, and they are particularly vulnerable to atrocities and exploitation.

Author (s) Details

Dr. Ujwala Bendale

Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be) University, New Law College, Pune, India.

Vidya Dhere
Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be) University, New Law College, Pune, India

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Variation of Ownership Structure and Firm Efficiency: An Empirical Evidence

Malaysia’s firm ownership structure has shifted as business organizations thrive and the national economy expands. Furthermore, it has changed as a result of the government’s economic transition, industrialization, and privatization policies implemented over the last four decades. Firms with various ownership structures may be said to have varying levels of efficiency. Highly concentrated firms are expected to be more efficient because this type of ownership structure may reduce the conflict of interest that exists between managers and shareholders. Publicly traded companies in Malaysia have been found to have a highly concentrated ownership structure. However, it is unclear whether this evidence applies to all industries. As a result, the goal of this paper is to see if there are differences in ownership structure and firm efficiency across sectors. To achieve this goal, the frequency distributions of ownership structure were calculated, as well as the efficiency scores of firms. Consumer goods, industrial goods, construction, and the trading/services sectors were all assessed. To estimate firm efficiency scores, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) was used with the assumptions of constant returns to scale (CRS) and variable returns to scale (VRS). The stratified random sampling method was used to select a sample of 156 firms listed on the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE). According to the findings, there are differences in firm ownership structure and efficiency across sectors. According to this study, firms with high ownership concentration appear to be more efficient than firms with low ownership concentration. As a result, the government should ensure that Malaysian companies improve their corporate governance practices in order to increase efficiency.

Author(s) DetailsProfesor

Dr. Sallahuddin Hassan
School of Economics, Finance and Banking, UUM COB, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia.

Zalila Othman
School of Economics, Finance and Banking, UUM COB, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia.

Associate Profesor Dr. Mukaramah Harun
School of Economics, Finance and Banking, UUM COB, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia.

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Problem-based Learning in Macroeconomics at Tertiary Level in Trinidad and Tobago: Students Speak Out

This paper presents the perspectives of sixteen undergraduates at Sunshine University, a tertiary institution in Trinidad and Tobago. For the first time, the undergraduates studied Macroeconomics using the Problem-Based Learning (PBL) approach. It is important to note that they were very enthusiastic about learning using the PBL strategy. Furthermore, they were willing to deviate from the traditional instructional method in order to participate in the PBL. The literature in the local context clearly indicated that there is a scarcity of information pertaining to the perspectives of undergraduates studying Macroeconomics at Sunshine University using the PBL approach. As a result, their voices and opinions about their personal experiences are critical because they can serve as a catalyst for the proper creation of policy and implementation of PBL in Trinidad and Tobago. Furthermore, their voices and perspectives provide an answer to the research question: What are the perspectives of Sunshine University students who study Macroeconomics using Problem-Based Learning? As a result, an action research study using a case study was carried out to adequately ascertain their perspectives. Semi-structured interviews with four focus groups were used in this action research. Using two main themes, data was collected, compiled, analyzed, and narrated. They are as follows: PBL motivates learners and facilitates self-directed learning. Recommendations emphasizing student-centered strategies were also made.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Rhonda Dookwah
University of Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago.

Dr. Gabriel Julien
University of the West Indies, Open Campus, Trinidad and Tobago.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/STHSS-V1/article/view/1535

Study on Aesthetics, Art and Sport: A Perspective towards “Argument from Intertwining”

Significant Enlightenment philosophers in aesthetics, such as Schopenhauer and Hegel, form the foundation of many of our aesthetic ideas. After briefly unpacking their ideas in this regard, I argue that such philosophers are unable to deal with non-mimetic art, such as abstract painting, and that their views on aesthetics only apply to a subset of the visual arts. In this case, I propose an alternative aesthetics that takes into account artistic advances. Specifically, a metaphorical view of art. Another way to perceive the metaphorical play of images and/or words is to recognize the distinction that analytical philosophers make between various meanings of the word “is,” as in mimetic resemblance. This aesthetics conception appears to argue for the pervasiveness of aesthetic experience, undermining the said philosophers’ hierarchical framework. elevation of the arts above ordinary experience This invites a different aesthetic, in which sport can be regarded as a type of art. In this regard, the role of metaphor, both positively and negatively devolving from the post-modern “language turn,” leads to a holistic conception of experience, whether classified as art or sport, and this is argued for as the so-called “argument from intertwining.”

Author (s) Details

Daniel Shorkend
WIZO School of Design, Haifa, Israel.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/STHSS-V1/article/view/1534

Understanding Motivations and Experiences of Foster Families in Portugal

Foster care is almost non-existent in the childcare system, and according to scientific research conducted in Portugal, foster care accounts for 2.7 percent of out-of-home care in the country. This study aims to increase public awareness of the care phenomenon by focusing on foster families in particular. This study used a qualitative analytical approach influenced by Grounded Theory. The motivation of foster families is based on altruism, affection for children, and sensitivity to maltreatment. Personal and professional history, as well as previous contact with out-of-home care, can all contribute to a proclivity to become a caregiver. Being a caregiver entails navigating a life filled with both challenges and rewards. Given the acknowledgement from stakeholders, It is a satisfying task. The quality of the service provided, as well as the performance of the care professionals, are both critical components in fostering care. Fostering success is dependent on the quality of support services and the performance of care professionals. When compared to current Portuguese legislative requirements, the genesis and practical implementation of these measures are clearly disparate.

Author (s) Details

Elisete Diogo
Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Católica Research Centre for Psychological – Family and Social Wellbeing; CICS.NOVA – Centro Interdisciplinar de Ciências Sociais da Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa; Instituto Politécnico de Portalegre, Portugal.

Francisco Branco
Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Católica Research Centre for Psychological – Family and Social Wellbeing, Portugal.

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Alternative Theories in Education for Fostering Creativity for Social and Global Responsibility

In order to effectively address society’s most pressing needs, it is critical to foster creativity in children and youth toward social and global responsibility and inclusiveness. This article suggests alternative methods for improving creativity teaching and learning. based on humanistic principles and pedagogy for increasing students’ ability to add value to their lives and communities It emphasizes the significance of linking the goals of value creation education to the larger goals of social and global responsibility. The latter is described in three schools that are attempting to implement it.

Author (s) Details

Gail E. Thomas

Professor Emerita of Sociology, Soka University of America, Aliso Viejo, USA

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Estimating the Personality Attributes of Malaysian Youth: Age Differences (15 to 39 years) in Big Five Domains

In this study, age and gender differences in the Big Five were investigated in Malay-speaking Malaysian youth. (N=1036). The Big Five Inventory (BFI) was completed by participants ranging in age from 15 to 39 years old. Age differences were discovered, indicating that mean levels of Neuroticism are negatively related to age, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Extraversion, on the other hand, are positively related to age. Openness to experience had a curvilinear relationship with age, with the highest mean levels for youth in middle age and significant drops in mean levels for females as they approached preadulthood. Gender differences were discovered, indicating that males are more dominant. On average, males have higher levels of Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Extraversion, whereas females have higher levels of Neuroticism. Men are more positive throughout their lives due to their openness to new experiences. This was the first study to look into age and gender trends in the Big Five as measured by the BFI.

Author (s) Details

Hari Krishnan Andi
Centre for Postgraduate Studies, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia.

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Impact of Explosive Strength of Lower Limbs on Skating and Running Speed on a 10m Distance in 14 – 15 Years Old ICE Hockey Players: A Recent Study

The purpose of this research was to see how a specific plyometric exercise program affected skating and running speed in 14 – 15 year old ice hockey players over a 10-meter distance. Speed training is becoming increasingly important as one of the most important factors in improving a hockey player’s technical skills. We included 33 players in the final results (M; 14.7y 0.7; 166.5 cm 7.3; 53.4 kg 6.9), and we eliminated 6 players due to various injuries and absences on all tests performed. The experimental group included (n = 18) members of the cadet team HC 05 Banská Bystrica, who competed in Slovakia’s highest cadet competition. The control group included (n = 15) players from the cadet team MHC Martin, who also competed in the highest level of Slovak competition. A plyometric exercise was performed twice a week on Tuesdays and Thursdays, always before the 8-week ice training unit, in the experimental set. We used the statistical program R to process the data, and we used the two-factor method of analysis of variance two-wayANOVA p 0,05 to determine statistical significance.

Author (s) Details

Dr. Marián Knechta

Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Arts, Matej Bel University, Banská Bystrica, Slovak Republic.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/STHSS-V1/article/view/1530