Eritrea is located in the northeastern part of Africa along the Red sea to the east, Sudan to the west north, Ethiopia to the south and Djibouti at the extreme south-eastern tip. The overall size of the country is about 125,000 square km and the coastline is around 1,000km. Eritrea is a country with a complex series of landscape and climatic features, which give to a wide variety of agro-ecological zones.

Climate in Eritrea range: Eritrea is a country with a complex series of landscape and climatic features, which give to a wide variety of agro-ecological zones.

Land use about 3.6 percent of the total land area in Eritrea is presently cultivated. Most of this is found in the highlands where population density per cultivated area is very high and localized scarcity of arable land occurs. Meanwhile large tracts of land, mostly in the lowland areas remain under utilized, which is a natural resource base for agricultural development. According to the Government of Eritrea 1996, Potential irrigated land is 600,000 hectares (4.92%) of total 12,189,000 hectares, whereas the Potential rainfed land is 1,050,000 hectares (8.61%).

This country includes, politically, six regions called zobas. Each zoba divided into sub zobas. Hamelmalo Sub zone is surrounded by chain of steep and sloppy hills and mountains. Most of the agricultural lands are in the valley areas and or on either side of the ‘Anseba River’. The lands on either side of the river banks are occupied by fruits and vegetables. Hagaz sub zone is suited west of Keren in an area of 105,875km2. Adi-Tekeliezan is located on the way Keren-Asmara. In this sub-zoba 171.5 hectares area is cultivated under different vegetable crops (Ministry of Agriculture, 2012).

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