News Update on Root Caries Research: Sep – 2019

News Update on Root Caries Research: Sep – 2019

News Update on Root Caries Research: Sep – 2019

Fluoride, remineralization and root caries

This paper reviews the probable mechanism of caries and also the role of halide within the inhibition or reversal of that method. The initial stages of root dental {caries|tooth decay|decay} ar admire enamel caries, being the acid dissolution of mineral ensuing from acids generated by microorganism metabolism. The fermentation of carbohydrates by oral microorganism as well as mutans streptococci and lactobacilli initiate the basis decay method, removing mineral from among the organic matrix that is primarily composed of scleroprotein. after this demineralization, the organic material will be more countermined by microorganism enzymes. halide inhibits mineral loss throughout the acid dissolution method and enhances remineralization during a similar manner thereto that happens in dental enamel. [1]

Comparison between Er: YAG Laser and Conventional Technique for Root Caries Treatment in vitro

Effective ablation of dental exhausting tissues by suggests that of the erbium-doped:yttrium-aluminum transparent gem (Er:YAG) optical device has been rumored recently, and its application to dental caries removal and cavity preparation has been expected. However, few studies have investigated the potential of the Er:YAG optical device to treat dental caries. within the gift study, the effectiveness of dental caries removal by mistreatment associate Er:YAG optical device in vitro was compared thereupon of typical mechanical treatment. cardinal extracted human teeth with root dental caries were used. 1/2 the dental caries in every tooth was treated with the Er:YAG optical device, and also the different was removed with a traditional bur or was left untreated as an effect. optical device treatment was performed by suggests that of a mix of contact and non-contact irradiation modes with cooling water spray, with a brand new fiber delivery and get in touch with probe system. [2]

Reversal of Primary Root Caries Using Dentifrices Containing 5,000 and 1,100 ppm Fluoride

This study compared the flexibility of 2 salt dentifrices, one containing five,000 ppm halide (Prevident 5000 Plus) and therefore the different one,100 ppm halide (Winterfresh Gel), to reverse primary root tooth decay lesions (PRCLs). a complete of 201 subjects with a minimum of one PRCL every entered the study and were willy-nilly allotted to use one in all the dentifrices. once vi months, 186 subjects were enclosed in applied math analyses. At baseline and once three and vi months, the lesions were clinically assessed Associate in Nursingd their impedance measured victimisation an electrical tooth decay monitor. [3]

UVA-activated riboflavin promotes collagen crosslinking to prevent root caries

Root decay is associate more and more downside in aging societies with severe implications for the final health and eudaimonia of enormous numbers of individuals. Strengthening type-I scleroprotein, a significant organic element of human dentin, has tried effective in preventing root decay. This study sought-after to see whether or not exposure to B followed by UVA irradiation (RF/UVA) might promote extra scleroprotein crosslinking, and therefore improve the acid and catalyst resistance of human dentin beneath simulated oral environments. If so, it might supply potential for treatment of the unmalleable downside of root decay. [4]

Prevalence of Root Caries in South Canara Population

Aim: Aim of this study was to see the prevalence of root tooth decay and associated risk factors among South Canara population.

Place of Study: Department of Conservative medical specialty and dental medicine, A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Deralakatte, Mangaluru and rural satellite centres.

Duration of Study: could fifteen 2018- Gregorian calendar month 15 2018 (1 month).

Methodology: 2000 patients were examined for root tooth decay exploitation mouth mirror and someone below sensible lighting facilities, followed by a form to determinethe prevalence of root cariesand associated risks in South Canara Population. [5]


[1] Featherstone, J.D., 1994. Fluoride, remineralization and root caries. American journal of dentistry, 7(5), pp.271-274. (Web Link)

[2] Aoki, A., Ishikawa, I., Yamada, T., Otsuki, M., Watanabe, H., Tagami, J., Ando, Y. and Yamamoto, H., 1998. Comparison between Er: YAG laser and conventional technique for root caries treatment in vitro. Journal of dental research, 77(6), pp.1404-1414. (Web Link)

[3] Baysan, A., Lynch, E., Ellwood, R., Davies, R., Petersson, L. and Borsboom, P., 2001. Reversal of primary root caries using dentifrices containing 5,000 and 1,100 ppm fluoride. Caries Research, 35(1), pp.41-46. (Web Link)

[4] UVA-activated riboflavin promotes collagen crosslinking to prevent root caries
R. Uemura, J. Miura, T. Ishimoto, K. Yagi, Y. Matsuda, M. Shimizu, T. Nakano & M. Hayashi
Scientific Reportsvolume 9, Article number: 1252 (2019) (Web Link)

[5] Hegde, M., ., M. and Shetty, N. (2018) “Prevalence of Root Caries in South Canara Population”, Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 28(3), (Web Link)

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