Promotion of Health in Self-efficacy, to Reduce Tobacco Consumption in Young Adults
Aim: The objective was determinate the effect of intervention on the self-efficacy and tobacco intake, to decrease smoking in young adults.
Study Design: Study interventional.
Place and Duration of the Study: Juventino Rosas, Mexican community, between September 2014 and May 2015.
Methodology: Sample of 101 smoking young adults between 20 and 30 years. The experimental group had 50 participants and control group 51, and all signed the inform consent. For data collection were used the “Scale for measuring the level of efficacy for smoking cessation” and “Questionnaire for the classification of consumers of cigarette for young”. The intervention was developed in 12 weekly sessions of 50 minutes each, for 3 months, aimed at increasing the self-efficacy through strategies of education, motivation and handling emotions.
Results: There was an association between interventional group and high self-efficacy (P=.01) and the OR = 2.96, IC95%=1.28 to 6.84. There was an association between consumed cigarettes and intervention group (P= .0001); OR=0.2, IC95% =0.08 to 0.46.
Conclusion: The interventional group improved significantly the level of self-efficacy and reduced consumption of cigarettes.