Contribution of Integrated Farming System for Livelihood Security of Tribal’s in Pachamalai Hill of Tiruchirappalli District, TN: Detailed Overview
Agriculture plays a significant role in Indian economy. Agriculture is an important sector of Indian economy as it contributes about 14% to the total GDP and provides employment to over 60% of the population. In India about 70 per cent of the rural households depend on agriculture. India population is equivalent to 17.7% of the total world population. India ranks number 2 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. Due to ever increasing population and decline in per capita availability of land in the country, practically there is no scope for horizontal expansion of land for agriculture. For this reason, vertical integration of farm enterprises will make farming more costeffective and reliable. Therefore, Integrated Farming systems can be proved as viable approach represents an appropriate combination of farm enterprises, viz. crop production, horticulture, livestock, fishery, forestry, piggery, poultry and goatry etc. in specific farming situation to address the problems of sustainable economic growth of Indian farming communities. Out of 115 million operational holdings in India, about 80 per cent of Indian farmers are marginal and small farmers. To achieve sustainable development in income and employment to fulfill the basic needs of the farmers in plains and also in hilly areas, an integrated faming system plays a vital role in India. The present study was undertaken to recognize the contribution of integrated farming system on livelihood security and sustainable development of Tribal people. Primary data was collected from the Tribal people of Pachamalai hill situated in Tiruchirappalli district of Tamil Nadu. Most of the respondents were involved in the adoption of integrated farming system, but the components are based on size of land holding, economic conditions, knowledge, experience and interest of the respondent etc. Eight different components of Integrated farming system were considered in the study. Among them agriculture with backyard poultry, livestock and piggery which are adopted by most of the respondents. Farmers’ responded that integrated farming system has increased the economic yield per unit area by providing income to the farmers round the year, providing food, nutritional security and increasing input usage by the result of expected output. Hence, it is essential to create awareness to improve knowledge, skill and attitude regarding the adoption of more components of integrated farming system. Therefore it was concluded from the study that integrated farming system is a powerful multidimensional whole farm approach, which is very effective in solving many problems of achieving farmers’ livelihood security. Lack of awareness and technical knowledge, minimum credit facility, less reliable market, non availability of critical inputs and follow up etc. have been identified as the major constraints to promote integrated farming system in this area.
Dr. V. Dhanushkodi
Department of Soil Science, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sirugamani-639115, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. Noorjehan A. K. A. Hanif
Department of Agricultural Extension, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sirugamani-639115, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. G. Amuthaselvi
Department of Food Processing and Agricultural Engineering, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sirugamani-639115, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.
View Book :- http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/191