The paper uses state-level data for the periods 1990-91 to 2004-05 and 2005-06 to 2013-14 to analyse the production performance of the rice producing states of India. As suggested by Battese and Coelli (1995), the stochastic output frontier model using panel data has been used to estimate the efficiency variations taking into account an integrated impact model. The results show that inefficiency in agricultural production is present in countries where the mean efficiency estimates range from 0.9863 to 0.6160 for the years 1990-91 to 2004-05 and from 0.8307 to 0.3198 for the years 2005-06 to 2013-14. Net irrigated areas, fertiliser use and pesticide use are seen to have a major positive effect on agricultural output in these states for the period 1990-91 to 2004-05. For the period 2005-06 to 2013-14, there is a positive relationship between agricultural productivity and greater use of institutional credit. It is considered that the total state road length per unit of area is statistically important in reducing loss for both sub-periods.
Author (s) Details
Dr. Pia Ghoshal
Department of Economics, St. Xavier’s College (Autonomous), Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Dr. Bhaskar Goswami
Department of Economics, Burdwan University, Burdwan, West Bengal, India.
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