Latest Research on Technology Transfer: Feb – 2020

Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theory

My purpose is to review, synthesize and criticize the voluminous, multidisciplinary literature on technology transfer. to scale back the literature to manageable proportions, I focus chiefly (not exclusively) on recent literature on domestic technology transfer from universities and government laboratories. I begin by examining a group of fundamental conceptual issues, especially the ways during which the analytical ambiguities surrounding technology transfer concepts affect research and theory. My literature review follows and that i emphasize technology transfer’s impact and effectiveness. I employ a “Contingent Effectiveness Model of Technology Transfer” to arrange the literature. because the model’s name implies, it assumes that technology effectiveness can take a spread of forms. additionally to examining the more traditional effectiveness criteria- those rooted in market impacts- the model considers variety of other effectiveness criteria, including political effectiveness, capacity-building. [1]

Multinational Firms and Technology Transfer

We construct an oligopoly model during which a multinational firm features a superior technology compared to local firms. Workers employed by the multinational acquire knowledge of its superior technology. The multinational may pay a wage premium to stop local firms from hiring its workers and thus gaining access to their knowledge. during this setting, the host government has an incentive to draw in FDI thanks to technology transfer to local firms or the wage premium earned by employees of the multinational firm. However, when FDI is especially attractive to the multinational firm, the host government has an incentive to discourage FDI. [2]

Measurement and evaluation of technology transfer: review of technology transfer mechanisms and indicators

The locus of commercial innovation is shifting toward industrial networks, during which parallel development processes in individual interconnected actors frequently dominate. This development presents new challenges for the measurement and evaluation of technology transfer. during this paper, various technology transfer mechanisms and indicators are classified and discussed. Technology transfer mechanisms and indicators are found to be phase, interface and component dependent. it’s argued that process indicators should be further developed to enrich the image given by traditional input–output indicators of technology transfer. [3]

Technology transfer for adaptation

Technology alone won’t be ready to solve adaptation challenges, but it’s likely to play a crucial role. As a results of the role of technology in adaptation and therefore the importance of international collaboration for global climate change , technology transfer for adaptation may be a critical but understudied issue. Through an analysis of worldwide Environment Facility-managed adaptation projects, we discover there’s significantly more technology transfer occurring in adaptation projects than could be expected given the pessimistic rhetoric surrounding technology transfer for adaptation. Most projects focused on demonstration and early deployment/niche formation for existing technologies instead of earlier stages of innovation, which is understandable considering the pilot nature of the projects. [4]

Effectiveness of Agricultural Information and Communication Center in Technology Transfer to the Farmers in Bangladesh

Use of data and Communication Technologies (ICT) in information dissemination in agriculture sector is getting popular day by day especially in technology transfer to the farmers. While various sorts of ICT devices and centers teem in Bangladesh today. The recent innovation of agricultural information delivery developed by the govt initiative started with 20 Agricultural Information and Communication Center (AICC) and planned to extend the numbers to hide most of the Agro-Ecological Regions of the country. In connection to the present issue, this study was undertaken to work out the effectiveness of Agricultural Information and Communication Centers (AICC) in technology transfer to farmers. Besides, important factors were identified those could contribute to farmers’ understanding on effectiveness of AICC. The study was conducted in five sub-districts of Mymensingh district in Bangladesh. 100 AICC users were interviewed employing a pre-tested questionnaire to gather the info . Both descriptive and inferential statistics were wont to analyze the collected data. quite one-third (37%) of the farmers perceived that effectiveness of AICC in technology transfer was high while 38% of the farmers perceived as “moderately effective” and 25% perceived as “low effective”. [5]

Reference

[1] Bozeman, B., 2000. Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theory. Research policy, (Web Link)

[2] Glass, A.J. and Saggi, K., 2002. Multinational firms and technology transfer. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 104(4), (Web Link)

[3] Autio, E. and Laamanen, T., 1995. Measurement and evaluation of technology transfer: review of technology transfer mechanisms and indicators. International Journal of Technology Management, 10(7-8), (Web Link)

[4] Technology transfer for adaptation
Bonizella Biagini, Laura Kuhl, Kelly Sims Gallagher & Claudia Ortiz
Nature Climate Change volume 4, (Web Link)

[5] Khan, M. S., Rahman, M. H. and Uddin, M. (2017) “Effectiveness of Agricultural Information and Communication Center in Technology Transfer to the Farmers in Bangladesh”, Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 18(4), (Web Link)

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