The findings of the general population census of 1974, 1984 and 2007 indicate a remarkable rise in the number of women and girls relative to men and boys. In the Republic of Congo, gender differences are still common, putting women and girls in a less desirable position than men and boys. There are less rights for women and girls, less knowledge, less access to all forms of resources, and more gender-based violence than their male counterparts. There are many single women in the population, divorced and widowed, who are the heads of their own households. Congo’s decision-makers and policy partners are only shocked by the persistent urban housing crisis in Congo and the absence of a practical principle for the development of collective social housing. However, in order to permanently eliminate gender discrimination and restore the harm caused to women, how can marginalised female-headed households be housed? From four viewpoints, this article reviews the status of women and the current urban housing situation, including: form and size of household, housing content and surface area per member. The roots of the development of households, whose heads are invariably women, are celibacy, divorce and widowhood. In general, children’s education and care for the elderly (senior citizens) are provided by women who have sufficient housing. The study proposes three key forms of social housing for women-headed households, with areas ranging from 25 m2 to 90 m2, on the basis of a literature review of population survey results. Thus, each member of the household profits from 8.50 m2 to 12 m2. The Delegation of the European Union to the Republic of the Congo, the Government of the Congolese Housing Bank (BCH) and the Sino Congolese Bank for Africa (BSCA) have been formed to play an important role in combating poverty and improving the living conditions of citizens.