Innovation is seen as a key to retaining a competitive advantage not just for the individual but also for the company in today’s increasingly challenging times. The aggressive rivalry of today demands the willingness and capacity to continually evolve to guarantee that we have the advantage and are at the forefront of success. The rapid changes in the 21st century education system need all teachers to take creative steps. Innovative behaviour is necessary in order to ensure that the education system remains responsive to current trends and innovations. It lacks a thorough identification of its variables, however, which can influence the creative behaviour of a instructor, especially in recent decades. As a research tool, this thesis employed a Systematic Literature Review (SLR). The SLR consists of a research protocol defining the subject to be analysed and the procedure customised to carry out the review. It is the key technique for defining the appropriate literature review and how data is obtained. From primary studies. The phases of the SLR approach are preparing, executing, and reporting the study. The research found that the most dominant factors in shaping the creative actions of teachers in the school sector are leadership and self-efficacy. Detailed empirical studies need to be conducted to see if the factors of leadership and self-efficacy directly or indirectly affect the creative actions of teachers as future mediators and moderators. By filtering papers in foreign languages, using a more comprehensive database and exploring other aspects through in-depth interviews, the analysis can be enhanced. It is recommended that the factors defined be used in multiple settings and focus on non-dominant factors as well. It is hoped that this study will give researchers some insight to further develop this knowledge, especially in the context of Malaysia. Innovative behaviour is a vital place for teachers to develop in today’s fast-paced world of education and educational change.
Mohammed Afandi Zainal Centre of Educational Planning and Policy, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
Mohd Effendi Ewan Mohd Matore Centre of Educational Planning and Policy, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.