Perceptional Evaluation of the Impact of Second National Fadama Project on Gender Income, Output and Decision-Making Power in Abuja, Nigeria
The study perceptionally evaluated the impact of the Second National Fadama Development Project (Fadama 11) on the income, output and decision-making power of the male and female farmers who participated in the project. Simple random technique was adopted for sample selection while questionnaire was used for data collection. A sample of 284 (159 males and 125 female) farmers were randomly selected in 8 locations or Fadama Development Areas (FDAs) in Abuja. The data were analysed with a two-way independent factorial analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results indicated that there was no significant difference (p > 0.05) in the impact of the project on the income, output and decision-making power of the male and female farmers who participated in the project. The mean responses for the male farmers on income, output and decision-making power were 3.37, 3.20 and 3.30 respectively while those of the female farmers were 3.35, 3.08 and 3.35 respectively. On the contrary, there were locational differences (p < 0.01) in the impact of the project on the income, output and decision-making power of the farmers. The mean response showed that farmers in Bwari and Karshi areas perceived the impact of the project on the three indicators more than farmers in the other locations. Although, the interaction effect of gender and location was not significant (p > 0.05), the mean responses indicated that in some locations, the project impacted more on the male farmers’ income, output and decision-making power while in some locations, the reverse was the case in favour of the female farmers. Based on the grand mean responses for income (3.36), output (3.13) and decision-making power (3.36), the paper concluded that the project had a moderate impact on gender in the study area.
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