Relevant European policies have pushed the transformation of many agricultural crops into Photovoltaic (PV) farms in order to decarbonize the economy for sustainability. Reasonable spaces include the realization of ground-based PV farms that have many environmental effects on ecosystems and habitats caused by site modifications. In order to establish sustainable land use strategies for renewable energy, the idea of multifunctionality incorporated into landscape design is an acceptable analytical structure. The goal of this work is to address two examples of land-use multifunctional projects in the energy transition area of Apulia. The study proposes a methodology aimed at harmonizing the development of energy and enhancing ecosystem services, finding synergies between the various economic activities and stakeholders. This is the basis for the creation of landscape-based green infrastructure (GI) that generates more sustainability in energy transition planning. Unlike the normal design of farmland photovoltaic panels, the examples mentioned centered on a proposal for a combination of food-focused photovoltaic panels and biodiversity and ecological functions; water, raw materials and the provision of services with medical resources to support economic and social needs. In addition, this green infrastructure will strengthen regulatory services such as air quality management, climate control, waste treatment, soil fertility conservation, and pollination to reduce the environmental effect of photovoltaic farms. Climate regulation services will primarily increase the production of energy by reducing the temperature around the photovoltaic panels, providing good input in the business process. These GIs can be landscape habitat services that promote life cycle maintenance of migratory species and genetic diversity maintenance. These projects require a new vision of environmental aspects, which should be treated not only as potential impacts of human activity or as mitigation strategies, but also as an active component of photovoltaic design and, more generally, of planning for the energy transition.
Author (s) Details
University of Salento, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, Ecotekne, Prov. le Lecce Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy.
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