Sole Mate an Applicative Approach: Safe Pathfinding by Obstacle Detection and Distance Estimation for the Blind

Sole Mate an Applicative Approach: Safe Pathfinding by Obstacle Detection and Distance Estimation for the Blind

The world has increased its demand for assistive technology (AT). There are a lot of researches and
developments going on with respect to AT. Among the AT devices which are being developed, the
need for a reliable and less expensive device which serves as an assistance for a visually challenged
person is in serious demand all around the world. We, therefore, intend to provide a solution for this
by constructing a device that has the capability to detect the obstacles within a given range for a
visually challenged person and alerting the person about the obstacles. This involves various
components like a camera for image detection, an ultrasonic distance sensor for distance estimation
and a vibration motor which works on the principle of Haptic feedback and rotates with varied
intensities depending on how far the obstacle is from the user. This paper presents a model which is a
part of the footwear of the user and hence, no additional device is required to hold onto for assistance.
The model involves the use of a microcontroller, a camera, to dynamically perceive the obstacles and
a haptic feedback system to alert the person about the same. The camera dynamically acquires the
real time video footage which is further processed by the microcontroller to detect the obstacles.
Simultaneously, one more algorithm is being executed to estimate the distance with the help of an
ultrasonic distance sensor. Depending on the distance, the frequency of the vibration motor, which
acts as the output for notifying the user about the obstacle, is varied (haptic feedback). With this
system, a visually challenged person will be able to avoid the obstacles successfully without the use
of any additional device.

Author(s) Details

Abhigna R.
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, BNM Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, India.

Amith K. Shinde
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, BNM Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, India.

Ashwin Sundaresh
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, BNM Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, India.

Dheeraj P. R.
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, BNM Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, India.

Dr. P. A. Vijaya
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, BNM Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, India.

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