Study on Energy Management Using Solar Photovoltaic Based Appliances in Rural Areas of India

Study on Energy Management Using Solar Photovoltaic Based Appliances in Rural Areas of India

India has already agreed to cut its carbon intensity from 20% to 25% by 2050, relative to the base line of 2005. In this paper, an attempt has been made to estimate the potential for reducing green house gases using diffusion models in India’s rural areas, which comprise thousands of villages. Most of them have no grid connection, and for their cooking and lighting purposes, people rely on wood, gas and kerosene oil. The aim of these diffusion models was to forecast the demand for electricity and to look for steps that could be taken to meet the demand for energy. By using non-conventional energy sources, especially solar photovoltaic and solar thermal technologies, the demand for energy could be satisfied. Green house gases have been listed as one of the greenhouse gases Significant factors of global climate change. The emission of carbon dioxide during the use of fuel for power generation was also considered. Most of the greenhouse emissions are made up of carbon dioxide. The findings may be adopted in developed countries by policy makers in an attempt to minimise pollution and sustain the country’s growth rate. Upgrading the villagers’ level of education would increase the potential adoption of solar appliances and thus help to minimise GHG emissions.

Author (s) Details

M. A. Mallick
Department of Physics, BMU, Asthal Bohar, Rohtak- 124021, India.

M. Khursheed
Department of Electrical Engineering, Integral University Lucknow, India.

I. Ashraf
Department of Electrical Engineering, A.M.U., Aligarh, India.

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