This paper presents an evaluation of the groundwater quality of industrialised villages in Ranebennurtaluk, Haveri district, Karnataka, India. In order to measure the quality of groundwater for evaluating its fitness for domestic us e, five villages affected by industrialization were chosen for the present analysis. Groundwater is an important source of water for the survival of human life and the protection of the environment. For drinking, irrigation and industrial uses, groundwater is the most vital source of water. Bore well samples were tested for physico – chemical variations and groundwater quality from each village. Comparison of Physico – findings of chemical analysis with Indian Standard drinking water limits shows that all but a few groundwater samples are fit for drinking and irrigation purposes. For five villages, the average pH value is 7.5-8.0, which is within the desired range. The pH value is growing, however, so it may not be ideal for future use. More than 1000 is around 75% of the EC and TDS values, but it is acceptable. Around 50% of chloride-containing water samples greater than 250 mg/l are considered undesirable for drinking purposes, which can lead to cardiovascular diseases. For each sample of villages, the sulphate concentration is within the desirable limit. It is also found that 25 percent of samples containing more than 300 mg/l of total hardness are undesirable. There could be a chance of deteriorating groundwater quality in the future. The quality of groundwater can be enhanced by the adoption of waste water treatment plants in industries that cause these aquifers to be contaminated.
Author (s) Details
H. Vijaya Kumar
Department of Water Resource Management, VTU, Belagavi, India.
Nagraj S. Patil
Department of Water and Land Management, VTU, Belagavi, India.
Department of Civil Engineering, NMIT, Bangalore, India.
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