The velocity anisotropy parameters and elastic constants play very important role to estimate Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio accurately. For geomechanics applications such as hydraulic fracturing design, analysis of wellbore stability and rock failure, determination of in situ stress and assessment of the response of reservoirs and surrounding rocks to changes in pore pressure and stress, Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio play very important role. Four rock samples were collected from four different wells situated in study area. The ultrasonic transmission method has been used to measure P – wave, Sh – wave and Sv – wave travel times as a function of orientation and confining pressure. The five independent stiffnesses constants, Young’s moduli, Poisson’s ratio and Bulk moduli of the samples were estimated. The Poisson’s ratios (ϑ,ϑand ϑ) are varying as the confining pressure is changed. The axial strain is larger than the lateral strain, resultingϑ<ϑ. For shales, the Young’s modulus measured parallel to bedding E1 is usually greater than the Young’s modulus measured perpendicular to bedding E3. Through this study it has been observed that there is a strong effect of anisotropy parameters on Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio.
Dr. Jwngsar Brahma
Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
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