Prevalence of Artificially Created Maxillary Midline Diastema and Its Complications in a Selected Nigerian Population: Critical Overview

Prevalence of Artificially Created Maxillary Midline Diastema and Its Complications in a Selected Nigerian Population: Critical Overview

Background: Maxillary midline diastema (MMD) is generally regarded as a symbol of beauty in Nigeria. The desperation to look beautiful has caused many individuals to seek the creation of artificial midline diastema and that often comes with undesirable side effects.  Aim: To determine the prevalence of artificially created maxillary midline diastema (MMD) and its complications in a selected Nigerian population.  Methods: A cross-sectional study using a semi-structured questionnaire as the instrument for data collection was done among patients attending a private clinic in Owerri, the capital of Imo state in Nigeria over 18 months. The data were retrieved from the questionnaires and analysed using the SPSS version 20.  Results: 141 respondents were comprising 58(41.1%) males and 83(58.9%) females, giving a male to female ratio of 1:1.4. The prevalence of artificially created MMD was 34.0% with increased frequency in: the 21-30 years age group; among the females and in respondents with a tertiary level of education. Majority of the respondents (69.5%) desire MMD and 20.8% of those without it wanted it created through cosmetic dentistry. Twenty of the 48 respondents with artificial MMD had it done to enhance personal beauty and aesthetics. The commonest complication was tooth sensitivity (44.8%), followed by toothache (41.4%).  Conclusion: The prevalence of artificially created MMD was 34.0% in this study and it is commoner in females and younger age group. The commonest complication was tooth sensitivity. Enhancement of personal beauty and aesthetic was the major reason for having it done.

Author (s) Details
Dr. Umanah Ayama
Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

Dr. Omogbai Abdul-Azeez
District Hospital Egba, Uhunwonde LGA, Edo State, Nigeria

Dr. Osagbemiro Babatope Bamidele
Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria

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