Globally, routine data collection is required for the formulation of public health policy in order to offer evidence for public health interventions. As a result, several public health studies have been done in many parts of the world, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa, to track public health outcomes, progress, and give evidence for health policy change. Despite the large number of surveys done in Sub-Saharan Africa, evidence on the experiences of doing public health research through data gathering is scarce. Only a few studies have detailed the experiences and practicalities of conducting health survey fieldwork in such environments. This chapter provides an overview of individual cross-sectional surveys used to collect administrative and survey data in Uganda and Zimbabwe. The chapter describes the survey methodology in detail, as well as the problems that were encountered and the lessons learned from the fieldwork experience. The chapter finishes with practical adaptive solutions for survey preparation and fieldwork research to reduce survey obstacles, which are critical for future public health data gathering in resource-constrained settings.
Deakin Health Economics, Institute for Health Transformation, School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.
Miriam H. Marembo
Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics, Monash University – Clayton, Victoria, Australia and Department of Education and Training, Victoria, Melbourne, Australia.
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