Background: Dyslipidemia is a crucial component of the metabolic syndrome and has long been linked to the development of issues such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). In addition, there have been reports of differences in the pattern of lipid derangements, particularly between people of African heritage and their South Asian counterparts.

The goal of this study is to highlight the pattern and prevalence of dyslipidemia and other cardiovascular risk factors among Trinidad and Tobago’s various ethnic groups.

Materials and Methods: Each of the 968 participants in this study had 10 mL of blood drawn after an overnight fast of 10–12 hours. Plasma and sera were tested for glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high density cholesterol (HDL-c), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), and low density lipoprotein (LDL) (LDL). Height, weight, waist circumference, age, gender, education, occupation, ethnicity, and medical history, including medications, were all measured in each subject.

Results: Hypertriglyceridemia was found in 33.88 percent of the patients in our study, with the highest prevalence of 46.69 percent seen in South Asians. Body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, blood glucose, triglycerides, and very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were all different (p 0.05) amongst ethnic groups. However, HDL-c levels were similar across ethnic groups, with the exception that patients of South Asian descent have a trend toward non-significantly greater HDL-c levels than other ethnic groups (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: The study highlighted the well-known considerable discrepancy in lipid profiles amongst people of different ethnic groups in Trinidad and Tobago, particularly among patients with chronic noncommunicable disease (CNCD).

Author(S) Details

Idris Saleh
Department of Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

B. Shivananda Nayak
Department of Pre-Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, Trinidad and Tobago.

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