Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Mothers Regarding Breastfeeding in the University Hospital Center of Brazzaville (Republic of Congo)

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Mothers Regarding Breastfeeding in the University Hospital Center of Brazzaville (Republic of Congo)

Objective: To examine at the Brazzaville University Medical Center the awareness, attitudes and behaviours of mothers about breastfeeding. Population and Methods: Analytical KAP research conducted from 1 February to 31 May 2019, covering only mothers who have begun breastfeeding for a minimum of 4 months and a maximum of 24 months in compliance with World Health Organization guidelines. Socio-demographic features, awareness, attitudes and behaviours were linked to the research variables. Outcomes: One hundred and forty mothers were interviewed. They were of a median age of 30, multi-parous (61.5 percent), with gainful activity (47.9 percent) in a couple (78.6 percent). In 26.5 percent of cases, they had adequate information (87.1 percent) yet harmful, adapted behaviours (95 percent) with responses of distinct certainty, and bad practises (60 percent). Attitudes have not been changed by experience (p > 0.2). Practices that have impacted awareness and behaviours (p < 0.05). Four times more likely to have inadequate practise were women with insufficient expertise (OR = 3.84; CI [1.06-13.9]; p < 0.03).

CONCLUSION: Overall, with a reasonable level of awareness and acceptable attitudes, the responses of the mothers showed strong differences in certainty. Their practises were poor, as much affected by incorrect behaviour as by ignorance and damaging knowledge. An educational campaign on the awareness and attitudes of mothers towards breastfeeding will help to strengthen their practises of breastfeeding.

Author (s) Details

Buambo Gauthier Régis Jostin
Obstetrics Gynecology Department, Brazzaville University Hospital Center, Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo.

Mahoungou Tsibozi Frédine

Obstetrics Gynecology Department, “Blanche Gomez” Specialized Mother-Child Hospital, Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo.

Itoua Clautaire
Obstetrics Gynecology Department, Brazzaville University Hospital Center, Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo.

Potokoue Mpia Samantha Nuelly
Obstetrics Gynecology Department, Brazzaville University Hospital Center, Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo.


Eouani Max Lévy Eméry
Obstetrics Gynecology Department, Loandjili Hospital, Pointe Noire, Republic of the Congo.

Mokoko Jules César
Obstetrics Gynecology Department, Brazzaville University Hospital Center, Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo.

Iloki Léon Hervé
Obstetrics Gynecology Department, Brazzaville University Hospital Center, Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo.

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