Monitoring the Risk Factors Associated with Asthma among Saudi Adults in Najran

Context: Asthma is a respiratory condition that affects individuals of all ages. Over the last few decades, its prevalence in Saudi Arabia has increased. The goal of this study was to explore common asthma-related risk factors among Saudi adults in Najran between December 2016 and October 2017. In addition to another 184 healthy people as a control group, the research population was one hundred and eighty four patients who were over 18 years of age and who were diagnosed with definite asthma (cases), which balanced the cases in terms of age and sex. A questionnaire was completed by instances as well as by controls as a data collection tool. It consisted of data that included environmental factors that could be possible risk factors for asthma, including personal, family and indoor factors. The mean case and control ages were respectively 21.3 (± 16.5) and 21.7 (± 16.8) years, respectively. There were 108 (58.7 percent) males in each group, alongside 76 (43.3 percent) females. There was no substantial correlation between the incidence of asthma and the degree of education and the P-value >0.05 of indoor plants. On the other hand, multivariate logistic regression analysis found that family history (OR=5.01 and CI=2.09-8.42), using sprays of insecticides or air fresheners (OR=8.5, CI=2.34-11.09), as well as rhinitis (OR=4.76, CI=2.19-6.45) were substantially correlated with asthma incidence. Additionally, active or passive smoking was significantly correlated with asthma among adults in Najran (P-value = 0.041 and 0.012). Based on the findings obtained, it was concluded that there are various trends of risk factors for asthma, those factors seem to play a significant role and are likely to contribute to the severity of this burden. It has been concluded that the most risk factors for developing asthma among Saudi adults are family background, smoking, allergic rhinitis and smoking. Further studies have been recommended for the investigation of other causes. In addition, health education services are widely recommended for educating people about risk factors, preventive measures, early detection and careful management.

Author(s) Details

N. K. Elfaki
Department of Community Health Nursing, Nursing College, Najran University, Saudi Arabia.

A. Y. Shiby
Department. of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Nursing College, Najran University, Saudi Arabia.

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