Press Release on Ophthalmology Research: August-2018

American Academy Of Ophthalmology On NEI Report On Sharp Rise In Myopia In Americans

SAN FRANCISCO — in keeping with the yankee Academy of medical specialty, the 66.4 p.c increase in nearsightedness in Americans since the Seventies, as according within the recent National Eye Institute (NEI) study, is important and can impact aid prices similarly as vision quality.

Today, forty seven million Americans aged twenty and older ar myopic and billions of bucks ar spent annually on glasses and speak to lenses. additionally, the bulk of LASIK and connected refractive surgical procedures within the u.  s. ar performed to correct nearsightedness. [1]

Chairs of United States Academic Ophthalmology Departments: A Descriptive Analysis and Trends

Purpose: To characterize and analyze the profile of u.  s. (US) tutorial medicine department chairs.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: net search of publicly-accessible sources.

Study population: 111 USA medicine chairs.

Main Outcome Measures:Demographic and tutorial information.

Results: Of the 111 chairs reviewed, ninetieth square measure males. Mean age of chairs is fifty nine years, and mean age at time of appointment is forty seven years. xcii p.c of chairs graduated from Associate in Nursing yankee school of medicine. Twenty-eight p.c of chairs even have extra graduate degrees: V-day a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree, V-day a Master’s degree, and five-hitter each. cardinal p.c of chairs completed a clinical fellowship most often in membrane (25%), vitreoretinal surgery (23%) and eye disease (21%). [2]

A STUDY ON SUBCONJUNCTIVAL HEMORRHAGE CASES ATTENDING OPHTHALMOLOGY OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN JHARKHAND

Objective: to work out the demographic pattern, etiology and conditions related to subconjunctival hemorrhage (SCH).Material and method: This was a prospective, empiric and non-interventional studyconducted in patients attending medicine department of a tertiary care teaching hospital. All patients with symptoms in step with the diagnosing of SCH were clinically evaluated and comprehensive ocular and general examinations were performed. knowledge was documented in an exceedingly predefined proforma and applied mathematics analysis was through with the assistance Microsoft surpass and expressed in descriptive statistics and share. [3]

Neuro-ophthalmology of movement disorders

Introduction: Ophthalmologic abnormalities, together with disability and ocular motor pathology, square measure common in patients with movement disorders. The impact of the ocular symptoms on the patients’ quality of life is usually underestimated. Pathophysiology of those symptoms remains poorly understood. during this review, a elliptic however comprehensive outline of ophthalmologic options of the foremost common movement disorders and discuss their pathophysiology and treatment is provided.

Areas covered: a scientific review was conducted of the literature on ophthalmologic signs in Parkinson’s unwellness, atypical Parkinson’s, neural structure disorders, Huntington unwellness, dystonia, tics, and practical (psychogenic) movement disorders. [4]

Ishihara Electronic Color Blindness Test: An Evaluation Study

Purpose: analysis of pc primarily based color deficiency check.

Materials and Methods: 2 hundred and sixty seven volunteers are checked victimisation each ancient Ishihara plates and a pc designation program victimisation LCD monitors.

Results: The prevalence of red inexperienced visual modality deficiency (RG-CVD) was eight.75% of male participants, no feminine participants were diagnosed, each within the paper primarily based check, and within the pc primarily based check. pc primarily based check gave a hundred sensitivity and ninety eight.78% specificity. [5]

Reference

[1] American Academy Of Ophthalmology On NEI Report On Sharp Rise In Myopia In Americans

(web link)

[2] Chairs of United States Academic Ophthalmology Departments: A Descriptive Analysis and Trends

Dotan G, Qureshi HM, Gaton DD. Chairs of United States Academic Ophthalmology Departments: A Descriptive Analysis and Trends. American journal of ophthalmology. 2018 Aug 16. (web link)

[3] A STUDY ON SUBCONJUNCTIVAL HEMORRHAGE CASES ATTENDING OPHTHALMOLOGY OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN JHARKHAND

Prasad M, Pathak AK, Gupta V, Gupta RK. A STUDY ON SUBCONJUNCTIVAL HEMORRHAGE CASES ATTENDING OPHTHALMOLOGY OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN JHARKHAND. INDIAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH. 2018 Aug 16;7(11). (web link)

[4] Neuro-ophthalmology of movement disorders

Waln O, Jankovic J. Neuro-ophthalmology of movement disorders. Expert Review of Ophthalmology. 2018 Sep 3(just-accepted). (web link)

[5] Ishihara Electronic Color Blindness Test: An Evaluation Study

Hatem M. Marey1*, Noura A. Semary2 and Sameh S. Mandour1

1Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine Menofia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt.
2Faculty of Computers and Information Menofia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt. (web link)