Correlation between Lycopene Intake and Blood Pressure in Healthy Adults from Celaya, Mexico: Advanced Study

Correlation between Lycopene Intake and Blood Pressure in Healthy Adults from Celaya, Mexico: Advanced Study

Aims: To identify if there is a correlation between lycopene intake and blood pressure levels in healthy adults of Celaya. Study Design: Cross-sectional, observational, analytical study. Place: All students registered at a public university in Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico. Methodology: To measure blood pressure, a humeral digital baumanometer with adult bracelet (Rossmax MG150f) was used. The measurement was performed three times with a two-minutes interval and the average systolic and diastolic blood pressure was obtained. The daily intake of lycopene was evaluated with a questionnaire of the frequency of consumption of meals. The µg of lycopene was estimated with a software related to the frequency of consumption of meals. Descriptive statistics were used for all variables. To identify the correlation and possible linear relationship between lycopene intake and blood pressure, Pearson r was calculated, linear regression equation, ttest, and P-value and confidence intervals at 95%.  Results: We included 446 participants (74.28% women, 25.78% men; between 18-51 years of age). The average systolic blood pressure was 108.30 mmHg, while the average diastolic blood pressure was 71.07 mmHg. The daily intake of lycopene was 6477.38 µg.  However, there was no correlation or lineal relationship between lycopene intake and the measurement of systolic blood pressure (P=.93) and diastolic blood pressure (P=.5).  Conclusion: No correlation was found between daily intake of lycopene and blood pressure (P> .05) in this adult sample from Celaya, Mexico. Studies should be conducted with a different way of determining the intake or level of lycopene in the body.

Author(s) Details

Dania Concepción Contreras-Ponce
Center University of the Valleys, University of Guadalajara, Ameca, Mexico.

Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza
School of Medicine, University of Celaya, Celaya, México.

Cuauhtémoc Sandoval-Salazar
Department of Nursing and Obstetrics, Division of Health Sciences and Engineering, Campus Celaya Guanajuato, Celaya, México.

Raquel Pliego-Arreaga
School of Medicine, University of Celaya, Celaya, México.

 Esther Ramirez-Moreno
Interdisciplinary Research Center, Academic Area of Nutrition, Institute of Health Sciences, University Autonomous Hidalgo State, Pachuca, Mexico.

 Xochitl Sofia Ramirez-Gomez
Department of Clinical Nursing, Division of Health Sciences and Engineering, Campus Celaya-Salvatierra, University of Guanajuato, Celaya, México

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