Background: Pure delusional jealousy [DJL] is an uncommon disorder and is characterized by unshakable false belief of infidelity, lack of hallucination, thought disorder and mood disturbance, and not associated with alcohol or other drug abuse or any co-morbid psychophysical illness.
Objective: This paper aims to review qualitatively the relevant literature (2000-2019) and present a case of delusional jealousy.
Case History: A 31-year-old housewife with three minor children developed an unshakable belief that her husband was having an extramarital affair since 5 years and no longer loved her. She was diagnosed with delusional jealousy and was managed with aripiprazole and brief psychotherapy. Within three months, most of her symptoms improved, however she developed post-psychotic depression and attempted suicide by taking 125mg diazepam. She was immediately rushed to a private hospital and admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). She recovered within five days and was shifted to the public hospital for the management of depression, where she was stabilized and discharged after two weeks.
Conclusion: Typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs combined with psychotherapy are the main treatment options for patients with DJL with or without co-morbid physical and psychiatric disorders. Post-psychotic depression and suicide attempts, devastating biosocial consequences among patients with DJL need timely and appropriate interventions and continued followup for better outcome and good quality of life.
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