Dictionary of Medicinal Plants – Scientific Names, Family and Selected Vernacular (English, Sinhala, Sanskrit and Tamil) Names

Dictionary of Medicinal Plants – Scientific Names, Family and Selected Vernacular (English, Sinhala, Sanskrit and Tamil) Names

Medicinal plants have been known for centuries and are highly valued all over the world as a rich source of therapeutic agents of medicinal plants for public health care in developing nations [65]. Even today, the WHO estimates that up to 80 percent of the world population still relies mainly on traditional remedies such as herbs for their primary health care [13]. Ahmed et al. mentioned that according to a survey conducted by W.H.O., traditional healers treat 65% patients in Sri Lanka and 80% in India [3]. According to the WHO, around 21,000 plant species have the potential for being used as medicinal plants. Different ethnic and different language speaking peoples are living in Asian countries.

Plants are commonly known by their local names in every part of the world. These local names play a very important role in ethno-botanical study of a specific tribe or region. Local names given to plants by indigenous people in their local dialects often reflect a broad spectrum of information on their understanding of plants. Most often, the local names are given based on some salient features, e.g. appearance, shape, size, habit, habitat, smell, taste, colour, utility, and other peculiar character, etc. of the plants [15]. These practical, meaningful, easily understandable and rememberable local names are disappearing rapidly along with the culture and tradition of the tribal group of Asian countries. As a preliminary step for documentation purpose, Authors were planned to publish this Dictionary of Medicinal Plants with 906 Medicinal plants, its Scientific names, family and common vernacular (English, Sinhala, Sanskrit and Tamil) Names.

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