Preoperative Empyema can be a Cause of Cancel Bronchial Sleeve Resection for Lung Cancer?

Surgical management of the cancer with empyema has rarely been reported in the literature because few of such cases are operable. Many patients might be misevaluated because of the incorrect staging associated with an acute or sub- acute infection. Even in the presence of an operable tumor mass; surgeons behave timid to these patients because of the possibility of infective postoperative complications. The balance between expected benefits and possible risk of surgical intervention is also important. If it is indicated, by the time pleural empyema is restored, procedures such as resection and even bronchoplasty should be performed. 59- years old patient the squamous cell carcinoma had completely obstructed left basal segments and caused to empyema. A thoracic catheter was inserted. Multiple pleural irrigations were done and proper antibiotherapy. Pathologic diagnosis of pleural fluid and pleural biopsy were benign. Pleural cultures were negative and amount of empyema fluid volume has decreased within two months. Positron emission tomography (PET) revealed a 2,5 cm sized left infrahilar tumor, right paratracheal, prevascular and subcarinal lymph nodes and non- homogeneous increased pleural activity. Mediastinal lymph nodes were evaluated as reactive with mediastinoscopy. Left lower lobectomy and lingulectomy were performed with bronchial resection and pathologic stage was 2A (T1bN1MO).

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