Latest Research News on Calotropis Procera : March – 2020

Latest Research News on Calotropis Procera : March – 2020

Anthelmintic Activity of Latex of Calotropis Procera

The crude latex of Calotropis procera was evaluated for anthelmintic activity using adult earthworms. Both fresh as well as aqueous extracts of dried latex exhibited a dose-dependent inhibition of spontaneous motility (paralysis) and evoked responses to pin-prick. [1]

Anti-inflammatory activity of the latex of Calotropis procera

The anti-inflammatory property of the latex of Calotropis procera was studied on carrageenin- and formalin-induced rat paw oedema model. A single dose of the aqueous suspension of the dried latex was effective to a significant level against the acute inflammatory response. [2]

Ethnopharmacology of Calotropis procera flowers

An ethanolic extract of the flowers of Calotropis procera was investigated for anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic and antimicrobial activities. The plant extract reduced the paw swelling induced by carrageenan by 37%, fever in rats by 40% and showed some weak effect in rats on the writhing induced by acetic acid. [3]

Proximate Analysis and Time Killing Kinetics of Calotropis procera Extracts on Some Selected Pathogens

The proximate composition and time killing kinetics of the leaf and stem extracts of Calotropis procera were carried out. The proximate composition showed moisture content of (10.45 and 9.78%), protein (16.20 and 8.15%), fat (1.99 and 0.96%), ash (14.32 and 6.39%), crude fibre (6.73 and 23.23%) and carbohydrate (49.49 and 51.49%) for leaf and the stem respectively. [4]

Exposition of Role of Diurnal and Seasonal Variation on Latex of Calotropis procera Ait. and Calotropis gigantea L.R.BR.

Background: Time (Kala) of collection is an important criterion responsible for the quality of crude drugs of herbal origin. According to their parts used, the guidelines for rutuwise (seasonal) collection of crude plant drugs has been well documented in various treatise of Ayurveda. Among various parts used of medicinal plants, Kshira (latex) of Arka and Shwetarka finds a wide usage in various pharmaceutical processes and formulations in classical literature. The latex has been quoted to be procured in Sharada rutu (September- October) but the scientific reason behind this still remains unexplored. [5]

Reference

[1]  Shivkar, Y.M. and Kumar, V.L., 2003. Anthelmintic activity of latex of Calotropis procera. Pharmaceutical biology41(4), pp.263-265.

[2] Kumar, V.L. and Basu, N.O., 1994. Anti-inflammatory activity of the latex of Calotropis procera. Journal of Ethnopharmacology44(2), pp.123-125.

[3] Mascolo, N., Sharma, R., Jain, S.C. and Capasso, F., 1988. Ethnopharmacology of Calotropis procera flowers. Journal of ethnopharmacology22(2), pp.211-221.

[4] S. Asoso, O., Oladunmoye, K. O. and Ogundare, A. O. (2018) “Proximate Analysis and Time Killing Kinetics of Calotropis procera Extracts on Some Selected Pathogens”, European Journal of Medicinal Plants, 22(2), pp. 1-8. doi: 10.9734/EJMP/2018/34080.

[5] Ranade, A., Acharya, R., Shukla, V. and Roy, S. (2017) “Exposition of Role of Diurnal and Seasonal Variation on Latex of Calotropis procera Ait. and Calotropis gigantea L.R.BR.”, European Journal of Medicinal Plants, 19(1), pp. 1-7. doi: 10.9734/EJMP/2017/33239.

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