Latest Research News on Psychology: Dec – 2019

Introduction to social psychology,

This ebook is designed to teach social psychology to students at universities in Europe. Chapter topics encompass: research methods in social psychology; social notion and attribution; social cognition; self and social identification; attitudes; aggression; prosocial behavior; association, attraction and near relationships; social affect; the psychology of companies; organization overall performance and leadership; and prejudice. [1]

Social psychology

Originally posted in Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 1977, Vol 22(5), 404. Reviews the ebook, Social psychology. Second ed by using Lawrence S. Wrightsman (1977). This version is a dramatic development over the preceding one. The sensitivity to the Zeitgeist stays-chapters on capsules and radical protest have been changed by means of excellent discussions of sex roles, prosocial conduct, physical environment, and impression management-but now the arguments are accessible, plausibly sequenced, properly outlined, and are given more impact by using a few handsome production. This ebook will make plenty of feel to students because it makes masses of interesting feel out of what they do. [2]

Individual psychology

The factor of departure upon this line of studies appears to me to receive in a work entitled “Die Aggressionstrieb im Leben und in der Neurose,” published in 1906 in a collective quantity, Heilen und Bilden. Even at that time I turned into engaged in a energetic controversy with the Freudian faculty, and in competition to them, I committed my interest in that paper to the relation of the child and the adult to the needs of the external international. I tried to offer, howbeit in a very inadequate fashion, the multifarious varieties of attack and protection, of modification of the self and of the surroundings, effected by the human thoughts, and released on the momentous departure of repudiating the sexual aetiology of intellectual phenomena as incorrect. In a vague way I saw even then that the impulsive life of man suffers versions and contortions, curtailments and exaggerations, relative to the kind and degree of its competitive energy. [3]

Universal norm psychology leads to societal diversity in prosocial behaviour and development

Recent studies have proposed that social norms play a key role in motivating human cooperation and in explaining the particular scale and cultural variety of our prosociality. However, there had been few research that directly hyperlink social norms to the form, development and variation in prosocial behaviour throughout societies. In a move-cultural have a look at of eight numerous societies, we provide proof that (1) the prosocial behaviour of adults is predicted via what different individuals in their society decide to be the right social norm, (2) the responsiveness of kids to novel social norms develops further across societies and (3) societally variable prosocial behaviour develops simultaneously with the responsiveness of kids to norms in center formative years. [4]

Adlerian Individual Psychology Counselling Theory: Implications for the Nigeria Context

Counseling is a helping dating related to a patron or clients and a professional counselor; whilst a counseling principle is a postulation put forward to guide the counselor within the system of assisting a patron with a maladjustment problem. Thus, this paper has x-rayed Alfred Adler’s “Individual psychology” counseling theory; covering problems which includes principles and consider of human nature; Adler’s explanation of ordinary behaviours, aim of remedy, therapeutic strategies in addition to the criticisms and deserves of the Adlerian person psychology and concluded with the consequences and applicability of the idea  to Nigeria life scenario. [5]

Reference

[1] Hewstone, M.E., Stroebe, W.E. and Jonas, K.E., 2008. Introduction to social psychology. Blackwell Publishing. (Web Link)

[2] Weick, K., 1977. Social psychology. Psyccritiques, 22(5). (Web Link)

[3] Adler, A., 1930. Individual psychology. (Web Link)

[4] Universal norm psychology leads to societal diversity in prosocial behaviour and development
Bailey R. House, Patricia Kanngiesser, H. Clark Barrett, Tanya Broesch, Senay Cebioglu, Alyssa N. Crittenden, Alejandro Erut, Sheina Lew-Levy, Carla Sebastian-Enesco, Andrew Marcus Smith, Süheyla Yilmaz & Joan B. Silk
Nature Human Behaviour (2019) (Web Link)

[5] Goodluck, K. and Odinioha Gabriel, J. (2017) “Adlerian Individual Psychology Counselling Theory: Implications for the Nigeria Context”, Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 19(6) (Web Link)