News Update on Dairy Farmers Research: June – 2019

Lymphocyte function of Michigan dairy farmers exposed to polybrominated biphenyls

Michigan farm residents Ate farm product containing polybrominated biphenyls (PBB’s) when the accidential contamination of animal feed with the chemical therein state in 1973. The current blood lymphocytes of those residents show vital changes. Abnormalities embrace decreases within the numbers and percentages of peripheral blood lymphocytes that kind rosettes with either sheep erythrocytes alone or with sheep erythrocytes hypersensitive with protein and complement, will increase in lymphocytes with no detectable surface markers (“null” cells), and altered responses to tests designed to guage purposeful integrity of the cells. There seems to be no consistent correlation between the concentration of PBB’s within the plasma and also the altered lymphocytes. Studies showed that in Wisconsin farm residents and healthy people within the ny space WHO weren’t exposed to PBB’s there have been no such abnormalities. [1]

Entrepreneurial behaviour of dutch dairy farmers under a milk quota system: goals, objectives and attitudes

An empirical model, supported the speculation of Planned Behaviour, was developed to check the hypothesis that variations in farmers’ goals, objectives and attitudes are a determinant of strategic and entrepreneurial behaviour and can, therefore, end in variations in farm size. the speculation states that a person’s behaviour results from his/her goals and intentions, attitudes, perceived behavioral management and social norms. knowledge (n=257) were gathered from a form that was sent to a specific cluster of Dutch dairy farm farmers, members of study-groups within the northern a part of The Netherlands. Answers to statements regarding goals similarly as statements associated with attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral management, explained thirty eighth of the variance in farm size as expressed by farmers’ milk quota. The goal of getting a “large and trendy farm” was absolutely correlate with farm size, whereas those associated with “having a breeding farm” and “extra supply of income” were considerably negatively correlate with farm size. a big relationship was found between behaviour (farm size as expressed by a farm’s milk quota) and goals and intentions of farmers. This relationship is even stronger once statements on attitudes, social norms and perceived behavioral management are enclosed. Farm size is principally explained by farmers’ instrumental goals. this implies that farm size isn’t relevant for fulfilling intrinsic, communicatory and social goals. This research shows a consistency with the speculation of Planned Behaviour and might be employed in inquiry by applying it to knowledge collected in an exceedingly form. Such psychological models on higher cognitive process will facilitate to yield insight into aspects associated with entrepreneurial behaviour of dairy farm farmers. [2]

Health effects of organic dust exposure in dairy farmers

Exposure to farm dirt could cause asthma attack, rhinitis, allergic alveolitis, organic dirt venomous syndrome, and bronchitis. feverish reactions to indrawn dusts square measure common associate degreed square measure sometimes of a venomous instead of an allergic sort. Some proof indicates that dairy farm farmers could have associate degree exaggerated prevalence of bronchitis, allergic asthma attack, rhinitis, and chronic flowing limitation, however this has not been once and for all shown. Storage mites and cow dander square measure vital allergens in dairying. Inflammation of airways could partly be caused by immediate or delayed hypersensitivity. alternative mechanisms, like activation of inflammatory cells from venomous agents or high exposure levels, could also be of goodly importance in inflicting airway and respiratory organ illness. [3]

Milk Testing, a Simple, Practical Handbook for Dairy Farmers, Estate Agents, Creamery Managers, Milk Distributors, and Consumers

THIS useful very little book has therefore counseled itself to those for whom it absolutely was meant that it’s currently for the econd time revised and enlarged. The new matter includes such recent developments of the farm trade because the testing of bitter milk and therefore the description of port ready appliances to be used by move inspectors. it’s a cheerful circumstance that mister. Walker-Tisdale, WHO is himself the manager and a director of an oversized milk company, ought to therefore place his expertise at the disposal of alternative farm managers, and it’s equally for tunate that British people farm manager and farmer, to this point from abusing the monopoly he possesses (for there’s much no importation of milk from abroad) ought to show himself therefore able to apply chemical tssts so as satisfactorily to ascertain the purity of his milk. [4]

Analysis of Milking Management Practices Followed by Dairy Farmers of R. S. Pura Block in Jammu District

The present study was conducted in R. S. Pura block of Jammu district to establish the milking management practices followed by dairy farm farmers. R. S. Pura block was purposively designated for the study. List of villages with most populations of alimentation animals was known from the chosen block. Out of the list of known villages, 2 villages were arbitrarily designated for the study. From every designated villages twenty dairy farm farmers were designated arbitrarily, creating a sample size of forty farmers. The results of the study discovered that every one 100% of dairy farm farmers experienced hand methodology of milking and none of the dairy farm farmers experienced machine milking. Majority fifty five per cent and seventy p.c of respondents’ experienced full hand milking and wet hand milking habits severally. Majority of respondents experienced suckling of a calf to induce milk disappointment. None of the respondents experienced concentrate feeding along side massage of bag, and use of Pitocin injection for milk ejection just in case of death of calf milk upset practices. Around 82.50% of farmers milking the animals at a similar place of tethering within the byre. Most (67.50%) of the respondents milking the animal at dirty milking surroundings. All respondents (100%) followed twofold milking, and a majority (67.5%) of them completed milking in 5-7 minutes. Majority of respondents failed to observe straining of milk. the bulk (77.5%) of respondents dried the animal by complete surcease of milking followed by intermittent milking. None of the respondents followed sex organ dipping once milking. [5]


[1] Bekesi, J.G., Holland, J.F., Anderson, H.A., Fischbein, A.S., Rom, W., Wolff, M.S. and Selikoff, I.J., 1978. Lymphocyte function of Michigan dairy farmers exposed to polybrominated biphenyls. Science, 199(4334), pp.1207-1209. (Web Link)

[2] Bergevoet, R.H., Ondersteijn, C.J.M., Saatkamp, H.W., Van Woerkum, C.M.J. and Huirne, R.B.M., 2004. Entrepreneurial behaviour of Dutch dairy farmers under a milk quota system: goals, objectives and attitudes. Agricultural systems, 80(1), pp.1-21. (Web Link)

[3] Malmberg, P., 1990. Health effects of organic dust exposure in dairy farmers. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 17(1), pp.7-15. (Web Link)

[4] Milk Testing, a Simple, Practical Handbook for Dairy Farmers, Estate Agents, Creamery Managers, Milk Distributors, and Consumers

Naturevolume 87, page179 (1911) (Web Link)

[5] Ahmed Bafanda, R., Nanda, R., A. khandi, S., Umair Minhaj, S., Choudhary, F. and Thapa, L. (2018) “Analysis of Milking Management Practices Followed by Dairy Farmers of R. S. Pura Block in Jammu District”, Advances in Research, 15(6), pp. 1-7. doi: 10.9734/AIR/2018/40011. (Web Link)