Press Release on Agriculture Research: August-2018

How European Farmers Spread Agriculture Across Continent

An analysis of five,000-year-old genetic material from preserved human remains found in Scandinavian nation suggests that folks moving from southern to geographic region unfold agriculture across that continent way back.

In addition to agricultural power, the brave farmers brought their genes: They interbred with barbarian communities to form trendy humans living in Europe these days. [1]

Bird richness decreases with the abandonment of agriculture in a rural region of SW Europe

Land use affects diversity in human-dominated landscape mosaics. Thus, bird species richness could also be stricken by the balance between agriculture and rural abandonment in long-run human-dominated landscapes. we tend to explored whether or not land abandonment is said to species richness and abundance of birds in a very geographical region of sou’-west Europe. we tend to conducted craniate purpose count surveys and landscape characterization victimisation GIS in 234 (3 ha) plots around thirty-nine tiny, rural villages. These villages historically survive on agricultural practices and presently exhibit completely different levels of land abandonment across a complete of a hundred and fifty,000 HA in geographic region, Spain. [2]

The production of biogas in Bulgarian agriculture – current state and perspectives.

The aims of the article is to research the present state and therefore the opportunities for development of the biogas sector for the process of biomass from plant and animal substances from agriculture in Balkan state. the subsequent scientific ways were utilized in the study: comparative analysis, survey, professional analysis, monographic methodology. [3]

Issues and challenges in landscape models for agriculture: from the representation of agroecosystems to the design of management strategies

Agroecosystems manufacture food and plenty of different services that area unit crucial for human well-being. Given the scales at that the processes underlying these services crop up, agricultural landscapes seem as acceptable abstraction units for his or her analysis and management. the look of property agricultural landscapes that price these services has so become a pressing issue however faces major challenges stemming from the variety of processes, their interactions and also the range of scales at stake. [4]

Critical Review of Precision Agriculture Technologies and Its Scope of Adoption in India

Precision agriculture (PA) conception was initiated for website specific crop management as a mixture of positioning system technology, variable rate technology, remote sensing, yield mapping etc. to optimize the gain, property with a reduced environmental impact. From centuries Indian farms ar experiencing some kind of soft exactitude agriculture technology. however the challenges of free and globalized market further as ever-increasing population with Brobdingnagian food product demand produce the scope of adoption of arduous exactitude agriculture technology in Indian farms. thus learning the new agricultural technology fictitious in developed countries and its correct modification and application in line with the domestic condition is important. [5]

Reference

[1] How European Farmers Spread Agriculture Across Continent

By Jennifer Welsh, (web link)

[2] Bird richness decreases with the abandonment of agriculture in a rural region of SW EuropeSalaverri L, Guitián J, Munilla I, Sobral M. Bird richness decreases with the abandonment of agriculture in a rural region of SW Europe. Regional Environmental Change. 2018:1-6. (web link)

[3] The production of biogas in Bulgarian agriculture – current state and perspectives.

Georgiev R. The production of biogas in Bulgarian agriculture-current state and perspectives. Ikonomika i upravlenie na selskoto stopanstvo/Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Economics and Management. 2018;63(1):69-76. (Web link)

[4] Issues and challenges in landscape models for agriculture: from the representation of agroecosystems to the design of management strategies

Poggi S, Papaïx J, Lavigne C, Angevin F, Le Ber F, Parisey N, Ricci B, Vinatier F, Wohlfahrt J. Issues and challenges in landscape models for agriculture: from the representation of agroecosystems to the design of management strategies. Landscape Ecology.:1-2. (web link)

[5] Critical Review of Precision Agriculture Technologies and Its Scope of Adoption in India

Pinaki Mondal1, M. Basu2* and P. B. S. Bhadoria2

1International Centre for Automotive Technology, Manesar, Haryana, India;
2Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, P. O. Box 721302, India (web link)