Press Release on Chemical Sciences: August -2018

56 Suspect Chemicals In Average Pregnant Woman

Each year, tens of thousands of chemicals square measure factory-made in or foreign into the United States—more than thirty,000 pounds of business chemicals for eachAmerican—yet consultants grasp little or no concerning that chemicals could enter people’s bodies, or however these substances have an effect on human health.
Now, scientists at UC urban center have found some way to screen people’s blood for many chemicals directly, a technique that may improve our ability to raised assess chemical exposures in pregnant ladies, and to spot those exposures which will cause a health risk. [1]

The chemical sciences and equality, diversity and inclusion

There has been mounting concern over the absence of gender equality within the sciences in recent years. This has been in the midst of a broadening of the attitude, so as to handle problems with equality, diversity and inclusion, with reference to a good vary of circumstances within which people suffer discrimination. whereas some progress has been created in some countries, nationwide or at the extent of establishments, way more must be done. [2]

The Future of the Chemical Sciences

Today’s world is defined by turbulencewithanincreasing uncertainty within the international economy and in social and political relations.Scientific, social and technological trends square measure apace dynamical the manner we tend to live and work. These not solely have an effect on the character and apply of chemistry, however conjointlythe roles that chemists play. With this in mind, the honorary society of Chemistry launched the longer term of the Chemical Sciences initiative to assess however the chemical sciences might evolve over subsequent 10 to twenty years and therefore the doable consequences for the community and society at massive.
Science and technology nearly always evolve in unpredictable ways in which, therefore extrapolating from this what may happen within the future is probably going to provideincorrect results. [3]

Model Driven Approach for Virtual Lab Authoring – Chemical Sciences Labs

Virtual Labs enable performance of experiments while not universe instrumentation wants. Most of those virtual experiments area unit simulation primarily based and developed mistreatment proprietary or Open supply simulation, Adobe Flash, and different consumer facet software system. The procedural steps concerned in conducting these experiments area unit hardwired and need software system modification for enhancements or alignment to the course structure. we have a tendency to propose a model primarily based approach that eases development of virtual experiments while not dependency on software system programmers for any changes. [4]

Chemical Profile of Leaves and Roots of Miracle Fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum)

Proximate analysis, elemental analysis and phytochemical analysis were conducted on leaves and roots of S. dulcificum (miracle fruit). The results of proximate analysis of the leaves sample showed the subsequent compositions: macromolecule (6.62±0.02)%, crude supermolecule (12±2.00)%, crude fibre (17.5±0.50)%, wetness (40.30±1.53)%, ash (6.70±2.00)% and macromolecule (57.60±0.01)%, whereas that of roots samples showed macromolecule (5.6±0.07)%, crude supermolecule (7.5±1.4)%, crude fibre (20.30±1.53)%, wetness (29.2±1.06)%, ash (8.00±1.56)%, and macromolecule (58.60±0.01)%. in the meantime the phytochemical screening analysis of the leaves of S. dulcificum showed the subsequent concentrations within the leaf smples; alkaloids (0.6±0.20)%, saponins (2.80±0.20)%, flavonoids (2.8±0.2)%, polyphenols (3.52±0.10)% viscus glycosides (3.44±0.20)%. Similarly, the basis samples exhibited the subsequent concentrations: saponins (0.6±0.02)%, polyphenols (4.30±0.10)%, anthraquinones (0.02±0.12)% and viscus glycosides (4.40±0.20)%. On the opposite hand, the mineral components concentrations of the leaf samples were as follows; Ca(0.001±0.00) mg/100 g, Cr(0.0006±0.00) mg/100 g, Fe(0.0029±0.01) mg/100 g, Zn (0.0095±0.00) mg/100 g metal (0.00082±0.01) mg/100 g whereas that of root samples were recorded thus; Ca(0.00134±0.01) mg/100 g, Cr(0.00073±0.01) mg/100 g, Zn(0.0097±0.01) mg/100 g Fe(0.00025±0.01) mg/100 g and metal (0.007±0.01) mg/100 g. Generally, the leaf samples of S. dulcificum were made in macromolecule and wetness whereas the roots were made in macromolecule, wetness and fibre. [5]

 Reference

[1] 56 Suspect Chemicals In Average Pregnant Woman

(web link)

[2] The chemical sciences and equality, diversity and inclusion

Mehta G, Yam VW, Krief A, Hopf H, Matlin SA. The chemical sciences and equality, diversity and inclusion. Angewandte Chemie. 2018 Aug 6. (web link)

[3] The Future of the Chemical Sciences

Palermo A. The Future of the Chemical Sciences. Chemistry International. 2018 Jul 1;40(3):4-6. (web link)

[4] Model Driven Approach for Virtual Lab Authoring – Chemical Sciences Labs

Sanagavarapu LM, Choppella V, Reddy R. Model Driven Approach for Virtual Lab Authoring-Chemical Sciences Labs. In2018 IEEE 18th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT) 2018 Jul 9 (pp. 241-243). IEEE. (web link)

[5] Chemical Profile of Leaves and Roots of Miracle Fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum)

V. N. Osabor1*, R. A. Etiuma1 and M. U. Ntinya1

1Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, University of Calabar, Nigeria. (web link)