Tea Tree Oil in Calcium Alginate Microparticles

Tea Tree Oil in Calcium Alginate Microparticles

The aim of this work was the characterisation of tea tree oil calcium-alginate microparticles prepared using prilling vibration technology and drying according to three different methods (oven at 40°C, dynamic drying under air-flow at 22°C and freeze-drying). Microparticles were characterized by stereomicroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and as regarding essential oil content and in vitro release. After oven drying and air-flow drying processes, microparticles were partially aggregated. They had a high oil content (more than 50% w/w) and were able to release tea tree oil in about 3 hours. Freeze-drying gave microparticles well separated to each other, characterized by the highest dimensions (about 500 µm), a good essential oil content and the fastest release rate. For all systems, the oil content decreased during storage with a total loss, after 5 months, ranging from 10% (air-flow dried microparticles) to 24% (oven-dried microparticles).

Author(s) Details

Lorena Segale
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy and APTSol Srls, Largo Guido Donegani 2/3, 28100 Novara, Italy.

Andrea Foglio Bonda
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy and APTSol Srls, Largo Guido Donegani 2/3, 28100 Novara, Italy.

Lorella Giovannelli
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy and APTSol Srls, Largo Guido Donegani 2/3, 28100 Novara, Italy.

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