It is well known that classical electrodynamics, quantum electrodynamics (QED) and Quantum Field Theory (QFT) are based on the wave theory of Maxwell and his equations, but it is much less well understood that they are not based on his initial understanding of the relationship between the fields of E and B, but are based on the interpretation of this relationship by Ludvig Lorenz. Maxwell considered that both fields had to cyclically cause each other for the velocity of light to be sustained, whereas Lorenz considered that both fields had to peak at maximum synchronously at the same time for this velocity to be maintained. The equations are fairly compatible with both interpretations. However, two recent breakthroughs now suggest that the interpretation of Maxwell was right at least with respect to the subatomic level since, contrary to the interpretation of Lorenz, it enables the electromagnetic wave theory of Maxwell, so successfully applied at our macroscopic level, to be seamlessly reconciled with the electromagnetic characteristics that occur at the subatomic level to localised Electromagnetic photons and all localised charged and massive elementary electromagnetic particles from which all atoms are produced, and ultimately allow simple mechanics of electromagnetic photon emission and electron absorption to be identified during their atomic level interactions. A full collection of demonstration experiments that can easily be replicated during hands-on laboratory teaching sessions are now available to the education community, ranging from the first Coulomb electrical experiment to the 1998 magnetic experiment to help teach and validate every element of subatomic electromagnetic energy behaviour.

Author (s) Details

André Michaud
SRP – Service de Recherche Pédagogique, Canada.

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