Most physicists and scientists have aspired, and continue to aspire, for an absolute universal theory – a complete theory that accounts for all phenomena already observed and that will ever be observed, using only a few and basic first principles. But, as in the liar paradox or Russell’s paradox, a fundamental concept expressed in the results of Gödel’s incompleteness theorems is that self-referencing leads to logical conflict or failure. When it is understood that the observer is also a participant in the experienced phenomenon – that we, humans, are part of the world while studying it – self-referencing is unavoidable in physics theories. As a result, self-referencing and, as a result, logical contradictions are inevitable, and every universal theory is bound to be incomplete.
Author (S) Details
School of Engineering, Kinneret Academic College on the Sea of Galilee, D.N. Emek Ha’Yarden 15132, Israel.
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