The goal of this research is to describe the anatomical differences in the Coeliac Trunk and Its Branches. The celiac trunk is the first anterior branch of the abdominal aorta, located at the level of the lower border of the twelfth thoracic vertebra. The hepatic, splenic, and left gastric arteries are the three main branches of the celiac trunk. The celiac trunk’s variations are prevalent but asymptomatic; they may become crucial during operations and some radiological treatments. We discovered several variations in the branching pattern of the celiac trunk during regular dissection on adult cadavers in the Anatomy department. The left gastric artery is the first branch of the celiac trunk, and it separates into the splenic and hepatic arteries. The origin of the right gastric artery is thought to be the left hepatic artery. In addition, from the superior mesenteric artery, one right aberrant hepatic artery may be seen entering the right lobe of the liver. The celiac trunk gives rise to the left inferior phrenic artery and the dorsal pancreatic artery. In most cases, the left gastric artery arises from the celiac trunk, but in our study, it arises directly from the abdominal aorta. Variations are particularly beneficial in surgical, oncologic, and interventional procedures, and they should be remembered to avoid complications. With a thorough understanding of the anatomical differences of the celiac trunk, complications in abdominal procedures can be avoided.

Author (S) Details

Sunita U. Sawant
Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Sunil M. Kolekar
Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

N. Harichandana
Vijaya Krishna Nursing College, Visakhapatanam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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