Modeling Surface and Groundwater Quality near Solid Waste Dump Sites by Multivariate Statistical Approach in Warri Municipality, Nigeria

Modeling Surface and Groundwater Quality near Solid Waste Dump Sites by Multivariate Statistical Approach in Warri Municipality, Nigeria

Waste produced by human activities typically pollutes water sources. Water resources are depleting around the world, and this problem is exacerbated by population growth and subsequent increases in water demand, particularly in developing countries. The impact of operations at three dump sites in Warri metropolis on surface and groundwater quality was investigated in this study. The water quality of boreholes, dug wells, and stream sources near the Niger-Cat, Don-Parkar, and Orhuwhorun dump sites was tested. Water samples were collected using a purposeful sampling method during the sampling periods of September, November, and January, and the concentrations of water quality parameters were determined. Water Quality Index (WQI) models for monitoring and prediction of water quality in groundwater and surface water around dump sites were simulated using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Multiple Linear Regression (MLR). The goodness of fit (R2) values for the models ranged from 0.9997 to 0.9999. (99 percent ). Boreholes: BH1, BH2, and BH3 had modelled WQI values of 60.9, 8.2, and 41.8, respectively, while dug-wells: DW1, DW2, and DW3 had modelled WQI values of 208.2, 49.3, and 51.5 at Niger-Cat. Don-BH1, Parkar’s BH2, and BH3 were 15.5, 30.8, and 36.6, respectively, while DW1 and DW2 were 30.2 and 38.4. BH1 and BH2 were 33.5 and 16.2 at the Orhuwhorun landfill site, respectively; DW1, DW2, and DW3 were 49.7, 40.4, and 21.4, respectively; and Stream SM1 was 8.7. The water at the three dump sites was acidic, and the quality ranged from good to unfit for drinking, according to the findings. The activities of the dump sites, particularly the Niger-Cat dump site, are affecting the water sources around the dump sites, according to this study. It also found that the water in the vicinity of the dumps is acidic.

Author (s) Details

Meriem Sediri
Biomaterials and Transport Phenomena Laboratory (LBMPT), University of Médéa, Ain D’Heb 26000, Médéa, Algeria.

Salah Hanini
Biomaterials and Transport Phenomena Laboratory (LBMPT), University of Médéa, Ain D’Heb 26000, Médéa, Algeria.

Maamar Laidi
Biomaterials and Transport Phenomena Laboratory (LBMPT), University of Médéa, Ain D’Heb 26000, Médéa, Algeria.

Hakima Cherifi
Biomaterials and Transport Phenomena Laboratory (LBMPT), University of Médéa, Ain D’Heb 26000, Médéa, Algeria.

Siham Abbas Turki
Department of Electrics and Computing Engineering, University of Médéa, Ain D’Heb 26000, Médéa, Algeria.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NICST-V6/article/view/169

Editor 251News

leave a comment

Create Account



Log In Your Account